The group, which believes Saturday’s air strike in Kunduz may have been a war crime, appealed to the US, Afghanistan and other countries to mobilise a little-known commission to look into the tragedy.
The aid group, also known by its French language acronym MSF, says it above all wants to ensure respect of international humanitarian law after the most deadly air strike in its history.
A dozen MSF staffers and 10 patients were killed in the hospital air strike amid fighting between government forces and Taliban rebels in the north-eastern city. The US military has already vowed to conduct an investigation and says the air strike was a mistake.
MSF international president Joanne Liu called for an impartial and independent probe of the facts and circumstances of the attack, “particularly given the inconsistencies in the US and Afghan accounts of what happened over recent days”.
“We cannot rely on only internal military investigations by the US, Nato and Afghan forces,” she said.
Doctors Without Borders is demanding an war crimes investigation into the US bombing of the hospital in Kunduz http://t.co/6RvMDU1V6Y— The World (@TheWorld) October 7, 2015
MSF wants to mobilise the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission, based in the Swiss capital of Bern. It is made up of diplomats, legal experts, doctors and at least three former military officials from nine European countries, including Britain and Russia.
Fully created after the Gulf War in 1991, the commission has never deployed a fact-finding mission.
Ms Liu said Doctors Without Borders is “working on the assumption of a possible war crime”, but said its real goal is to establish facts about the incident and the chain of command, and clear up the rules of operation for all humanitarian organisations in conflict zones.
The weekend strike “was not just an attack on our hospital, it was an attack on the Geneva Conventions. This cannot be tolerated”, she said.
MSF, a Nobel Peace Prize-winning organisation that provides medical aid in conflict zones, is awaiting responses to letters it sent on Tuesday to 76 countries that signed Article 90 of the additional protocol to the Geneva Conventions, seeking to mobilise the 15-member commission.