The father of English toddler James Bulger has told a parole board about the "daily nightmare" of life since his son's murder.
Ralph Bulger was given the opportunity to make a Victim Personal Statement, through his solicitor, to the parole board of Jon Venables, one of two boys convicted of killing the two-year-old.
Speaking outside Liverpool Crown Court, solicitor Robin Makin said: "It's a daily nightmare for all of them. It still is. Things have not really got better."
Mr Makin said his client, who stood next to him outside the court, had been forced to re-live the details of the murder, including the torture and sexual abuse which James suffered at the hands of his killers.
"Ralph had to deal with that situation. It's a very stressful day for Ralph," Mr Makin said.
He added that Mr Bulger had suffered depression, sleep loss, nightmares and post-traumatic stress.
Mr Makin said it had been an "extremely difficult situation" and said the authorities had "done nothing" to help.
The murder had "transformed" Mr Bulger, he said.
"Whereas Jon Venables... in a sense what they have been trying to do is transform him into somebody he really isn't," Mr Makin said.
Venables and Robert Thompson were 10 when they abducted James from a shopping centre in Bootle, Merseyside, in February 1993.