The violence escalated dramatically after a one-day lull on Sunday, the start of the three-day Eid al-Fitr holiday which marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan. The renewed fighting showed President Bashar al-Assad’s regime is not letting up on its drive to quell the 17-month-old uprising out of respect for the occasion.
In Washington, President Barack Obama said US thinking on military involvement in Syria would change if chemical or biological weapons came into play in the civil war. He said the use of such weapons of mass destruction would widen the conflict considerably.
“It doesn’t just include Syria. It would concern allies in the region, including Israel, and it would concern us,” Obama said, warning the Assad regime and “other players on the ground” that the use or movement of such weapons would be a “red line” for the US, which has been reluctant to intervene militarily so far.
Last month, the Syrian regime confirmed for the first time that it possessed chemical weapons by threatening to use them in case of any foreign aggression. The warning was seen as a sign of desperation as Assad’s grip on power slipped. It came shortly after rebels assassinated four of the president’s top security officials, the biggest blow to the regime in the entire uprising.
Since the holiday began on Sunday, an air of gloom has blanketed the nation and activists said there have been no signs of jubilation.
Adding to the despair, two main activist groups — the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and the Local Co-ordination Committees — said that 12 bodies shot execution-style were found in the Qaboun district in the capital Damascus. Activist Omar al-Khani said the bodies, which included two children, were found on the side of a road with clear signs of torture.
The discovery of bodies in similar condition is not uncommon in Syria, particularly in the last few months as the uprising descended into a civil war with heavy sectarian undertones.
Most of the deaths yesterday were a result of tank and mortar shelling as well as clashes in the Damascus suburbs of Daraya and Moadamiyeh, where activists reported the regime used helicopter gunships. The Observatory and others said up to 31 people were killed.
An activist said some 30 troops along with a tank defected to the rebels’ side in Moadamiyeh on Sunday.