Dublin's Convention Centre is to hold the Euroscience Open Forum from July 11-15 next year as part of its role as European City of Science 2012.
Europe's largest science conference is expected to draw up to 6,000 of the world's leading scientists, researchers, educators, industry experts, policy makers and media.
Dublin will follow cities like Stockholm, Munich, Barcelona and Turin in organizing a year-long programme of science-related events and activities throughout the country.
EU Commissioner for Research and Innovation, Máire Geoghegan-Quinn said: "This will give Dublin and Ireland a wonderful opportunity to showcase the best research that is being performed in Ireland and to lead the European-wide debate on the most important research and science issues.
"It is vital that we put research, innovation and science at the heart of our fight for jobs and prosperity."
The forum will feature workshops, discussions, debates and seminars on the most cutting-edge research.
The year will give Irish researchers in particular the opportunity to have their research seen by a global audience of leaders in R&D and it will highlight the opportunities available to young people considering a career in science, research and development.