Russia’s lower house of parliament set hearings on ratification of the Kyoto Protocol on combating global warming for Friday, State Duma speaker Boris Gryzlov said today.
Without Russia’s support, the pact – which has been rejected by the United States and Australia – can not come into effect. It needs ratification by 55 industrialised nations accounting for at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions in 1990.
Once the deal enters into force, industrialised countries will have until 2012 to cut their collective emissions of six key greenhouse gases to 5.2% below the 1990 level.
Although presidential economic adviser Andrei Ilarionov has fiercely opposed ratifying the pact, President Vladimir Putin vowed to speed up the ratification process in May in return for EU support of Russia’s bid to join the World Trade Organisation.
Russian Cabinet officials have predicted a quick ratification of the pact.
If supported by the Kremlin-controlled Duma, the pact needs to be approved by the equally docile upper house, the Federation Council.