The WFP appealed in May for a humanitarian pause in fighting in Syria to let farmers harvest a bumper wheat crop in the country’s north-east, an Islamic State movement stronghold, and bring it to markets in Syria’s west, including Aleppo and Homs.
Cousin said because there was no ceasefire, the wheat is being stored at the farming belt and will likely be sold in Turkey.
“We’re very disappointed that the calls for a cease in the fighting to support the harvest was not heeded by the parties,” Cousin said.
“That wheat that is harvested cannot be brought across lines of conflict into the area where it is needed most by people who are suffering now into a fifth year of this conflict.”
The WFP is grappling with a €174m Syria-related funding shortfall in the next three months through September, including a €48m shortage of donations for inside Syria.
The agency will soon halve the value of food vouchers for 795,000 Syrian refugees in Lebanon to €12 per person per month. Some 440,000 Syrian refugees who live outside camps in Jordan would be cut off from food support, she said.
The WFP also supports refugees of conflict in Iraq, Turkey, and Egypt. It had already reduced assistance to 1.6 m Syrian refugees in the five countries this year.
Cousin said the funding shortfall was a combination of increasing demand and waning generosity.
“Unfortunately what we are seeing is we have more people who are food insecure both inside and outside Syria because of the length of the conflict and we aren’t receiving the resources that we received even last year at this time for the support of those refugees,” she said.
In 2014, the WFP globally received €4.8bn in contributions, 27% more than in 2013. That was in response to an unprecedented number of emergencies in places including Syria, Iraq, South Sudan, Central African Republic, and the west African countries affected by ebola.
While the food shortage had improved in the Central African Republic, food insecurity in Yemen had this week been upgraded to crisis level, Cousin said.
“So we still have five major crises and 80% of those crises are directly related to conflict,” she said, adding that when she took the top WFP job in 2012, the focus was climate change-related crises such as droughts and floods.
Cousin was speaking in Canberra where Australia committed to donating $167.5m (€115m) over four year for the WFP to spend in the Indo-Pacific region. Cousin said that commitment was on par with a previous Australian deal.