Members of the Church’s governing body voted in favour of a measure allowing women bishops in a historic vote at York University.
The legislation received the necessary two thirds majority in all three Houses of the General Synod with 37 bishops voting in favour with two against and one abstention, 162 clergy in favour, 25 against and four abstentions.
In the crucial lay votes there were 152 votes in favour, 45 against and five abstentions.
In spite of an appeal from the Archbishop of York, Dr John Sentamu, for the result to be heard in silence as is traditional in the Church of England at key votes, there was some clapping and shouts of “brill” when the outcome was announced.
The success in the make-or-break vote comes after a plan to introduce women bishops collapsed in November 2012 when it was derailed by just six votes cast by lay members.
Archbishop of Canterbury the Most Rev Justin Welby staked his authority on a new set of proposals, bringing in mediation and conflict experts in an effort to resolve differences.
Speaking in the debate, Archbishop Welby assured traditionalists that Church of England bishops were committed to meeting their needs should they pass the legislation.
“I expect and hope this vote will go through and I rejoice in it. But I also rejoice that we promise to seek the flourishing in the Church of all those who disagree,” he said. “If I did not think that was likely, I could not support this legislation. You don’t chuck out family or even make it difficult for them to be at home, you love them and seek their well-being even when you disagree.”
Earlier in an emotional debate, the General Synod heard from a series of speakers who said they had voted against the legislation in November 2012, but would now cast their votes in favour or abstain.
Prime Minister David Cameron welcomed the General Synod’s decision.
Following the historic vote Mr Cameron said it was a “great day for the Church and for equality”.
The move was also welcomed by Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg who called it a “watershed moment for the Church of England” and Labour leader Ed Miliband who described it as “wonderful news”.