Kapil Sibal said he was in favour of decriminalising homosexuality, hinting that the government could seek a judicial review of Wednesday’s Supreme Court decision or that parliament could enact a new law.
“We need to take quick and firm action,” he told reporters, noting that millions of people in India do not want homosexuality to be a criminal offence.
The Supreme Court ruled that only MPs could change a colonial-era law that bans same-sex relations and makes them punishable by up to a decade in prison.
The ruling dealt a blow to gay activists who have fought for years for the chance to live openly in India’s deeply conservative society.
Sonia Gandhi, chief of the governing Congress party, also lent support to the activists and expressed her disappointment with the court order.
“I hope parliament will address this issue and uphold the constitutional guarantee of life and liberty to all citizens of India, including those directly affected by this judgment,” she said in a statement.
Ms Gandhi’s son and the party’s vice president, Rahul Gandhi, said such personal matters should be left to individuals. “This country is known for its freedom, freedom of expression,” he told reporters.
India’s LGBT community reacted to the decision with defiance. “We cannot be forced back into the closet,” said Gautam Bhan, an activist who had petitioned the court. “We are not backing off from our fight against discrimination.”
The law, dating back to the 1860s, when Britain ruled India, states that “whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal” can be punished by up to 10 years in prison.
The 2009 New Delhi High Court ruling, which said the law violated fundamental human rights, infuriated conservatives and religious groups who say homosexuality represents a threat to traditional Indian culture.
In a rare alliance, the groups — including the All India Muslim Law Board, Christian groups and Hindu spiritual leaders — argued that gay sex is unnatural and that India should maintain the law.
Activists argue the law encourages discrimination and leaves gays, lesbians and bisexuals vulnerable to police harassment or demands for bribes.