Two Indians accused of helping plot the attacks were acquitted.
Mohammed Ajmal Kasab, the lone survivor of the attack’s 10 gunmen, sat impassively with his head bowed as the verdicts were read. He was convicted in one of the siege’s bloodiest episodes, when he and an accomplice killed and wounded dozens of people at one of Mumbai’s busiest train stations. Photos of Kasab striding through the station, an assault rifle in his hand, became iconic images of the attacks.
Kasab was convicted on nearly all the 86 charges against him, including murder and waging war against India. While an exact total of the convictions was not immediately available, the handful of acquittals appear to have been for relatively minor charges, such as forging an identification card. Sentencing is expected today. He faces a possible death sentence.
The siege deeply shook India, despite the country’s long history of terror attacks. The violence stretched over three days and left corpses scattered through some of the city’s best-known places.
The siege sparked calls for a wholesale restructuring in the country’s poorly trained and underfunded security forces, though few major changes ever took place.
The attacks and the subsequent investigation also added enormous pressure to India and Pakistan’s already tense relations. The two countries’ formal peace process was suspended in the wake of the violence.
India’s home minister, Palaniappan Chidambaram, said “the judgment in itself is a message to Pakistan that they should not export terror to India”.
“If they do and if the terrorists are apprehended, we will be able to bring them to justice and give them an exemplary punishment.”
In Pakistan, though, the ruling appeared to reinforce the cross-border mistrust.
“The verdict well fit Indian designs to malign Pakistan. It was expected that Kasab would be found guilty, falsely though,” said Abdul Qayum a street vendor in Karachi.
Judge ML Tahiliyani said the gunmen came ready for sustained urban combat, bringing with them everything from machine guns to a GPS device.
“These types of preparations are not normally made by ordinary criminals. These are made in an organised type of war,” he said.
Tahiliyani acquitted Fahim Ansari and Sabauddin Ahmed, two Indians who had been accused of helping plot the attacks, saying the evidence against them “doesn’t inspire confidence in my mind”.