A masked gunman who killed a soldier at Canada’s war memorial and stormed parliament before being shot dead by the ceremonial sergeant-at-arms was an Islamic convert, it has emerged.
Prime minister Stephen Harper called the Ottawa outrage the country’s second terrorist attack in three days.
“We will not be intimidated. Canada will never be intimidated,” he vowed in an address to the nation early today.
Unfolding just before 10am local time, while MPs were meeting in caucus rooms, the assault rocked parliament with the boom of gunfire, leading members to barricade doors with chairs and sending people streaming from the building in fear.
Mr Harper was addressing a caucus when the attack began outside the door, but he was led to safety by his security detail.
Investigators offered little information about the gunman, identified as 32-year-old petty criminal Michael Zehaf-Bibeau. But Mr Harper said: “In the days to come we will learn about the terrorist and any accomplices he may have had.”
A government source said today that Zehaf-Bibeau was a recent convert to Islam.
Canada was already on alert because of a deadly hit-and-run attack on Monday against two Canadian soldiers by a man Mr Harper described as an “Isil-inspired terrorist”. Isil, or Islamic State (IS), has called for reprisals against Canada and other Western countries that have joined the US-led air campaign against the extremist group in Iraq and Syria.
Witnesses said the soldier posted at the National War Memorial, Corporal Nathan Cirillo, was gunned down at point-blank range by a man carrying a rifle and dressed in black, his face half-covered with a scarf. The gunman appeared to raise his arms in triumph, then entered parliament, a few hundred yards away, where dozens of shots soon rang out, witnesses said.
People fled the complex by scrambling down scaffolding erected for renovations, while others took cover inside as police with rifles and body armour took up positions outside and cordoned off the normally bustling streets around parliament.
On Twitter, Canada’s justice minister and other government officials credited sergeant-at-arms Kevin Vickers, 58, with shooting the attacker just outside the MPs’ caucus rooms.
Mr Vickers serves a largely ceremonial role at the House of Commons, carrying a sceptre and wearing rich green robes, white gloves and a tall imperial hat.
At least three people were treated for minor injuries.
In Washington, President Barack Obama condemned the shootings as “outrageous” and said: “We have to remain vigilant.”
The US embassy in Ottawa was locked down as a precaution, and security was tightened at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetery just outside Washington.
Mr Harper vowed that the attacks would “lead us to strengthen our resolve and redouble our efforts” to keep the country safe and work with Canada’s allies to fight terrorists.
Police said in the initial hours that as many as two other gunmen may have taken part in the attacks. But by late in the evening, the cordon around parliament was lifted and police said there was no longer any threat to the public in the area.
Court records that appear to be the gunman’s show that he had a long criminal record, with a string of convictions for assault, robbery, drug and weapons offences, and other crimes.
Tony Zobl saw the soldier being gunned down from his fourth-floor window directly above the National War Memorial, a 70ft arched granite cenotaph with bronze sculptures commemorating the First World War.
“I looked out the window and saw a shooter, a man dressed all in black with a kerchief over his nose and mouth and something over his head as well, holding a rifle and shooting an honour guard in front of the cenotaph point-blank, twice,” Mr Zobl told the Canadian Press news agency.
“The honour guard dropped to the ground, and the shooter kind of raised his arms in triumph holding the rifle.”
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation had video of the gunman going to his car alone with his weapon after the shooting at the memorial. The car was later spotted parked in front of Parliament Hill nearby.
Cabinet minister Tony Clement tweeted that at least 30 shots were heard inside parliament, where Conservative and Liberal MPs were holding their weekly meetings.
“I’m safe locked in a office awaiting security,” MP Kyle Seeback tweeted.
“I was just taking off my jacket to go into caucus. I hear this pop, pop, pop. Possibly 10 shots, don’t really know. Thought it was dynamite or construction rather than anything else,” said MP John McKay.
He said security guards then came rushing down the halls, herding them toward the back of the buildings.
“And then we started talking to another woman and she was apparently inside the library of parliament, saw the fellow, wearing a hoodie, carrying a gun,” Mr McKay said, “and then the implications of this start to sink in.”
The attack came two days after a recent convert to Islam killed one Canadian soldier and injured another with his car before being shot dead by police. The killer had been on the radar of federal investigators, who feared he had jihadist ambitions and seized his passport when he tried to travel to Turkey.
Canada had raised its domestic terror threat level from low to medium on Tuesday because of what it called “an increase in general chatter from radical Islamist organisations”. That day Canada sent eight fighter jets to the Middle East to join the battle against Islamic State.
After the shootings, officials cancelled two events in Toronto honouring Pakistani teenager and Nobel laureate Malala Yousafzai, including one in which she was supposed to receive honorary Canadian citizenship. She was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman in 2012 for supporting schooling for girls.