Iran to revive nuclear talks

The next round of talks between Iran and six world powers on the country’s nuclear program will be held in Istanbul, Iran’s foreign minister said today.

The next round of talks between Iran and six world powers on the country’s nuclear program will be held in Istanbul, Iran’s foreign minister said today.

Ali Akbar Salehi made the comments during a press conference in Tehran. He didn’t give any timing for the talks.

The last round of talks between Iran and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council plus Germany were held in Istanbul in January 2011 but ended in failure.

The West wants Iran to meet UN Security Council demands to stop uranium enrichment but Tehran accused the other side of pushing not “dialogue but dictation”.

The US and its allies accuse Iran of seeking to develop nuclear weapons, while Iran maintains its nuclear programme is entirely peaceful.

Earlier diplomats said Iran was poised to greatly expand uranium enrichment at a fortified underground bunker to a point that would boost how quickly it could make nuclear warheads.

They said Tehran had put finishing touches for the installation of thousands of new-generation centrifuges at the cavernous bunker – machines that can produce enriched uranium much more quickly and efficiently than its present machines.

While saying that the electrical circuitry, piping and supporting equipment for the new centrifuges was now in place, the diplomats emphasised that Tehran had not started installing the new machines at its Fordo facility and could not say whether it was planning to.

The reported work at Fordo appeared to reflect Iran’s determination to forge ahead with nuclear activity that could be used to make atomic arms despite rapidly escalating international sanctions and the latent threat of an Israeli military strike on its nuclear facilities.

Fordo could be used to make fissile warhead material even without such an upgrade, the diplomats said.

They said that although older than Iran’s new generation machines, the centrifuges now operating there can be reconfigured within days to make such material because they already are enriching to 20% – a level that can be boosted quickly to weapons-grade quality.

Their comments appeared to represent the first time anyone had quantified the time it would take to reconfigure the Fordo centrifuges into machines making weapons-grade material.

In contrast, Iran’s older enrichment site at Natanz is producing uranium at 3.4%, a level normally used to power reactors. While that too could be turned into weapons-grade uranium, reassembling from low to weapons-grade production is complex, and retooling the thousands of centrifuges at Natanz would probably take weeks.

The diplomats’ comments come as International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors are due to visit Tehran today. Their trip – the second this month – is another attempt to break more than three years of Iranian stonewalling about claims that it has – or is – secretly working on nuclear weapons that would be armed with uranium enriched to 90% or more.

Diplomats accredited to the IAEA expect little from that visit. They said that - as before – Iran was refusing to allow the agency experts to visit Parchin, the suspected site of explosives testing for a nuclear weapon and had turned down other key requests made by the experts.

Iranian officials deny nuclear weapons aspirations, saying the claims are based on bogus intelligence from the US and Israel.

More recently, the US, the European Union and other Western allies have either tightened up their own sanctions or rapidly put new penalties in place striking at the heart of Iran’s oil exports lifeline and its financial system.

The most recent squeeze on Iran was announced on Friday, when Brussels-based Swift, a financial clearing house used by virtually every country and major corporation in the world, agreed to shut out the Islamic Republic from its network.

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