Thousands of anti-government demonstrators broke through police and military lines today to flood the streets around Bangkok’s business district and other areas of Thailand’s capital.
The Red Shirt protesters, many on motorcycles, massed near Silom Road, a financial centre, from the commercial shopping district they had occupied since Saturday.
Earlier, the demonstrators pushed against police lines and pelted the riot squads with eggs and plastic water bottles along the tree-lined Rajdamri Avenue in front of the Four Seasons Hotel. After several hours of confrontations and negotiations, the demonstrators rushed through the blockade.
Protest leaders have defied a government order to vacate the commercial heart of Bangkok as they try to pressure Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva to relinquish power. They vowed today to stage convoys through 11 main city roads the administration has declared off-limits to them.
“We will teach the government a lesson – that every road belongs to the people,” said a protest leader, Nattawut Saikua.
This morning, about 1,000 riot police and soldiers faced off against a similar number of protesters in Rajdamri Avenue as luxury hotels in the area barricaded their doors. Guests took photographs from a safe distance. Similar confrontations were reported in other areas.
Some of the protesters clambered on top of police trucks parked across the road to block the demonstrators. The light overhead railway which runs above Rajdamri Avenue was shut down by the operators.
The government restated that it wanted to solve the crisis peacefully.
“Under the current climate, many citizens wouldn’t want violence to take place or confrontation. And we’ve been mindful of that concern,” government spokesman Panithan Wattanayakorn said as the clashes began.
Business leaders have called for an end to the crisis, predicting even greater shocks to the economy and tourism if it persists.
More than a dozen shopping centres were set to close their doors for the fourth day in Bangkok’s luxury shopping district, which includes five-star hotels like the Four Seasons, the Hyatt and InterContinental. Guests at the hotels there were checking out in greater numbers.
“The protests have hit thousands of entrepreneurs as well as their staff and employees because (the area) is a prime shopping and tourist location,” said a joint statement by three leading business associations in the district, which estimated losses in the area since the occupation began at up to 900 million baht (€20m).
The “Red Shirt” protesters, mostly farmers from impoverished provincial areas who have characterised their movement as a class war against the Bangkok elite, have sworn not to let up their pressure until Mr Abhisit steps down and calls new elections.
Mr Abhisit has offered to call elections by the end of the year, but the protesters want quicker action.
The movement – known formally as the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship – contends that Mr Abhisit came to power illegitimately in the years after ex-Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra was removed in a 2006 coup on corruption allegations. The group is made up largely of Thaksin supporters and pro-democracy activists who opposed the putsch.
So far, the government has refrained from using force against them despite pressure from segments of the Bangkok population fed up with business losses and disruption to daily life.
Allies of Mr Thaksin – whose policies of cheap healthcare and low-interest village loans benefited the rural poor from which many of the protesters are drawn – won the first elections after the coup but two resulting governments were forced out by court rulings. A parliamentary vote brought Mr Abhisit’s party to power in December 2008.
The Red Shirts say his rule is undemocratic and that only new elections can restore integrity to Thai democracy.
Mr Abhisit must call new elections by the end of 2011, and many believe Mr Thaksin’s allies are likely to win – which could spark protests by Mr Thaksin’s opponents.
Mr Thaksin, a multimillionaire convicted in his absence on corruption-related charges, is a fugitive abroad and encourages the Red Shirts with frequent messages. His six years in office were riddled by accusations of nepotism and an erosion of democratic institutions.