Eight Muslim men were arrested in Malaysia for allegedly firebombing a Christian church after a court ruled that non-Muslims could use the word “Allah” to refer to God.
The unprecedented attacks on 11 churches and a Sikh temple were apparently sparked by a court verdict on December 31 that upset many ethnic Malay Muslims.
They insist that letting Christians use “Allah” in their Malay-language publications could confuse some Muslims and entice them to convert.
The dispute has strained ties between Malays, who make up nearly two-thirds of Malaysia’s 28 million people, and religious minorities, mainly ethnic Chinese and Indians who practise Buddhism, Christianity or Hinduism.
Minority communities often complain about what they believe is institutionalised religious discrimination.
Authorities detained eight suspects in connection with a January 8 attack on Kuala Lumpur’s Metro Tabernacle Church, which had its office gutted by fire.
It was the first and most serious of all the attacks on churches.
The suspects were all Malays, aged between 21 and 26.
Police tracked them down after one of them sought treatment at a hospital for burn injuries.
They could be charged with “mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to destroy” a place of worship, which is punishable by a maximum 20-year prison sentence and a fine.
Police have obtained a court order to detain the men for at least a week pending further investigation.
Metro Tabernacle Church official Peter Yeow praised police for the breakthrough.
“Right from the word go, the authorities have been doing their job quite well,” Mr Yeow said. “We have put the event behind us. We are concentrating on going on with our lives.”
The disquiet centres on a court ruling in which the Herald, the newspaper of the Roman Catholic Church in Malaysia, argued it has the right to use the word “Allah” in its Malay-language edition because the word predates Islam and is commonly used by Christians in other predominantly Muslim countries, such as Egypt, Indonesia and Syria.
The verdict overturned a years-old government ban on the use of the word in non-Muslim publications.
The Malaysian government has appealed against the decision while also condemning the church attacks and pledging to uphold freedom of religion guaranteed to minorities by the constitution.
Among the attacks in various Malaysian states, eight churches were firebombed, two were splashed with paint and one had its window broken, while a Sikh temple was pelted with stones, apparently because Sikhs use “Allah” in their scriptures.
Suspected vandals threw a rum bottle at a mosque last weekend in the first attack on a Muslim place of worship.
The controversy has reinforced concerns that the country is coming under the influence of hard-line Islam.
Minorities have complained of difficulties in obtaining approval to build new churches and temples.
Last year, dozens of Muslims paraded with the bloodied head of a cow, a sacred animal in Hinduism, to protest against the proposed relocation of a Hindu temple in their neighbourhood.