IS had vowed to kill airman Maaz al-Kassasbeh unless Iraqi jihadist Sajida al-Rishawi was handed over at the Turkish border in return for captured Japanese journalist Kenji Goto.
The extremist group had set a deadline of sunset yesterday for the exchange, but there was no news of the hostages after night fell over parts of Iraq and Syria where IS is based.
Jordan said it was still waiting for evidence that the airman is alive and well.
“At this point we want to emphasise that we have asked for proof of life from Daesh [IS] and we have not received anything yet,” said Jordanian government spokesman Mohammad al-Momani said.
“Rishawi is still in Jordan and the exchange will happen once we receive the proof of life that we asked for.”
He made no mention of Goto, whose wife Rinko broke her silence with an emotional appeal to Tokyo and Amman to save her husband. “My husband is a good and honest man who went to Syria to show the plight of those who suffer,” she said.
“I beg the Jordanian and Japanese governments to understand that the fates of both men are in their hands.”
Jordan has said its priority is to see the airman return home safely.
It has offered to free Rishawi, who was convicted for her part in triple-hotel bombings in the Jordanian capital in 2005 that killed 60 people, if IS releases the pilot.
While IS threatened Kassasbeh’s life, it was not clear from its latest message if the group was ready to free him as part of an exchange.
At the Turkish border post of Akcakale, which faces the IS-held Syrian town of Tel Abyad, dozens of journalists including some Japanese reporters were waiting for a possible swap.
A Japanese woman working for Tokyo-based Fuji Television was killed in a car accident near the frontier, her employer said.
Kassasbeh was captured on December 24 after his F-16 jet crashed while on a mission against the jihadists over northern Syria.
“Until now we have not received any indication that [Kassasbeh] is still alive,” the pilot’s father Safi Kassasbeh said as the yesterday’s deadline passed.
“The government has not told us anything about negotiations and I do not think they are taking the situation seriously. There is nothing we can do. We can only wait for the mercy of God and then Daesh,” he said.
Jordan is under heavy pressure at home and from Japan, a major aid donor, to save Kassasbeh as well as Goto.