Police have used phone wiretaps and social media to gather information on protesters’ movements and plans before the opener between Brazil and Croatia, which will attract 60,000 fans, leaders of world soccer body Fifa and about a dozen heads of state, including Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff.
Demonstrations have raged on and off since last June as Brazilians vent their anger against what they see as government overspending on the month-long tournament, among other issues.
At their peak, the protests drew more than one million people into the streets. They have been significantly smaller in recent months but police are worried about what they describe as a hard core of radicals, mostly young men, who have vandalised buildings and clashed with police at previous events.
Several protest groups have used Facebook to call on their followers to gather in downtown Sao Paulo today from 1pm Irish time and then head toward the Arena Corinthians, some 20km east.
Surveillance indicates some protesters are planning to evade police barricades and cut off Radial Leste, a key thoroughfare that will be used by VIPs to get to the stadium, according to three officials informed of the intelligence.
Protesters or disgruntled subway workers who have taken strike action this month may also try to obstruct the train line that most fans will use to get to the game, the officials said.
Police have strict orders to keep roads and public transportation open.
“If the protesters try to keep fans from arriving, the situation could get ugly,” one official said on condition of anonymity. “Police will keep the roads open, I guarantee.”
Politicians ordered police to maintain a hands-off stance throughout much of last year, when protests were composed largely of the middle class.
But the tone has hardened as the Cup draws closer and polls show that only about half of Brazilians approve of the protests, down from 89% last June.
Rousseff and others have recently emphasised they expect police to maintain order and ensure fans can arrive at games. More than 150,000 police and soldiers have been deployed in the 12 cities hosting games.
“There’s no problem with protests, but what is not possible is vandalism of public or private property. We can’t have that,” Sao Paulo governor Geraldo Alckmin said on Tuesday.
Rafael Alcadipani, a professor in Sao Paulo with close ties to both police and protest groups, said he had heard dire predictions of “war” for today but he expected cooler heads to prevail.
“I don’t think it’s going to be that bad,” he said. “People are nervous but I think even the Black Blocs (a protest group) are realising that people want the Cup to go forward.”
Still, foreign delegations attending the game are “very concerned” and are evaluating alternate routes to the stadium if major violence erupts, a diplomat said.
Police in other cities were also preparing for trouble.
About 10 protest leaders in Rio de Janeiro were escorted to police stations to provide testimony, but were not arrested, a spokesperson at the state security office said.
A plan to preventively arrest some protest leaders in Sao Paulo did not go forward because police commanders concluded evidence was not strong enough to hold up in court, two officials said.
Protesters say the biggest risk comes not from themselves but from police.