The French government announced it was pulling out of today’s events after Rwandan president Paul Kagame again accused France, an ally of the Hutu nationalist government prior to the 1994 killings, of having helped the murder of 800,000 ethnic Tutsis take place.
Speaking to the weekly Jeune Afrique, Kagame denounced the “direct role of Belgium and France in the political preparation for the genocide“, and said French soldiers who were sent to Rwanda when the killings started were both accomplices and “actors” in the bloodbath.
Paris has repeatedly denied the accusations and insisted French forces had striven to protect civilians.
French foreign ministry spokesman Romain Nadal said he was “surprised” by Kagame’s accusations, saying they went against reconciliation efforts between the two countries. He also announced French justice minister Christiane Taubira would be staying away. “France regrets that it cannot take part in the 20th anniversary commemorations for the genocide.”
Former colonial power Belgium, which unlike France has apologised to Rwanda for failing to prevent the genocide, said it would still be sending a senior delegation for the commemorations.
Official mourning, which began three months ago with a flame of remembrance touring the small nation from village to village, culminates today when the torch arrives at the national genocide memorial.
President Kagame will light a flame that will burn for 100 days, the length of time it took government soldiers and Hutu militia to kill hundreds of thousands of people.
Wreathes will also be laid at the national genocide memorial, before ceremonies in Kigali’s football stadium, where UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon, as well as several African presidents, is due to attend. Ban said the commemorations were a chance to remind the world to do all it can to ensure such crimes never happen again. The UN was heavily criticised in 1994 for not doing more to stop the killing.
“The scale of the brutality in Rwanda still shocks: an average of 10,000 deaths per day, day after day, for three months,” Ban said, adding that the impact of the massacres are still being felt across an “arc of uncertainty in Africa’s Great Lakes region — and in the collective conscience of the international community.”