Smoke covers the palace compound during a massive air raid on the Iraqi capital.
Cpl Edward Chin from New York covers a statue of Hussein with an American flag.
Saddam Hussein is dragged out of hiding at a farm in the village of ad-Dawr. The world was later told: ‘We got him’.
Photographs of prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib prison appear in the Washington Post.
Iraqi pilgrims walk past shoes lost during a stampede in Baghdad that killed at least 1,000.
Saddam Hussein is executed, his death filmed covertly on a phone and shown to the world.
US President George W Bush names Iraq, North Korea and Iran the “axis of evil”.
British Prime Minister Tony Blair says weapons of mass destruction programme represents “a gathering threat”. 2003: Invasion
Government publishes fresh dossier of evidence of Iraq WMD. It is later revealed to be copied in large part from a Californian postgraduate student’s outdated thesis.
UN chief weapons inspector Hans Blix reports to the Security Council he has found no evidence of WMDs.
Bush gives Iraqi President Saddam Hussein 48-hour deadline to give up power.
Baghdad falls to US forces.
Bush declares “major combat operations in Iraq have ended”.
Ministry of Defence scientist Dr David Kelly is found dead close to his Oxfordshire home. He said the Government “sexed up” the threat posed by Iraq.
Saddam captured in underground hideout near Tikrit. 2004: Insurgency
Photographs surface of prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib prison.
Four private security employees killed in Fallujah, and their bodies hung on a bridge.
Daily Mirror publishes photographs apparently showing the torture of an Iraqi detainee by a British soldier. The photographs are fakes.
US-led occupation authority turns over formal power to interim government.
US military deaths reach 1,000.
Family of kidnapped civil engineer Ken Bigley confirm he has been murdered.
Irish-born director of aid agency Care International, Margaret Hassan, kidnapped and believed to be killed four weeks later.
Saddam’s trial starts. 2005: Elections
Iraqis elect 275-seat National Assembly.
National Assembly elects Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani as president.
At least 1,000 Shi’ite pilgrims killed in a bridge stampede caused by rumours of a suicide bomber in Baghdad.
Voters approve constitution. 2006: Violence spreads
In Samarra, suspected Sunni insurgents detonate two bombs inside the revered Shi’ite Askariya shrine, blowing the top off its landmark golden dome.
American airstrike outside Baqouba kills al-Qaida-linked insurgent leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.
Saddam is sentenced to death.
Saddam is hanged. 2007: Troop build-up
Bush announces that more than 20,000 additional US troops will be sent to Baghdad.
United Nations reports 34,452 Iraqi civilians were slain in 2006 — nearly three times more than government reported.
Saddam’s cousin, known as Chemical Ali, and two other former regime officials are sentenced to hang.
Four suicide bombers hit a Kurdish Yazidi community in north-west Iraq, killing at least 520 people.
Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki announces plans for “decisive” offensive against al-Qaida.
Two women explode boombs in Baghdad markets, killing nearly 100 people.
Bush defends his decision to go to war, vowing no retreat.