August 6, 2019: A look back at what happened on this day in years gone by

We take a trip down memory lane and check out what happened on this day in years gone by.

August 6, 2019: A look back at what happened on this day in years gone by

We take a trip down memory lane and check out what happened on this day in years gone by by looking back at some Irish Examiner front pages and highlighting other events which went down in history across the world.

August 6 - 50 years ago

August 6, 1969 saw British troops on the alert in Northern Ireland following rioting in Belfast the previous weekend.

It was reported that the Northern Ireland Command, responsible for the British Army in the North, was monitoring the situation after reports of houses being set on fire in some areas and with several demonstrations by both Protestant and Catholic organisations scheduled in the days ahead.

British troops would later be deployed as political and sectarian rioting escalated, leading to the Battle of the Bogside, which is now seen as one of the first major confrontations of the Troubles.

In world news, the Vatican said the bride and groom should not kiss at the alter if local church authorities disapprove under the new Catholic church wedding rite, which instead only provided for the newly-married couple to exchange “a sign of peace and love”.

20 years ago

Remnants of the Troubles lingered 30 years later, when on August 6, 1999, the Government refused to be drawn on reports that a new Republican terrorist organisation had been recruiting for a major bombing campaign on Britain amid opposition to the then-recently signed Good Friday Agreement.

Marking the domination of the Northern Irish conflict at the time, the Irish Examiner also reported on the anger of victims of the Dublin and Monaghan bombings at the failure of the Victims Commission to recommend a public inquiry into the 1974 atrocity, which left 33 dead and 300 people injured. The Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) later claimed responsibility for the bombings.

10 years ago

Ten years later on August 6, 2009, attention had mainly turned to the economy as the financial crisis took hold.

On that day, it was reported that collapsing tax takes were punching a €16.4bn black hole in State finances, with July figures showing that tax returns were €575m below target.

The hit was a warning sign for homeowners, with AIB revealing it was reviewing its mortgage interest rates after it posted a pre-tax loss of € 900m for the first six months of the year.

5 years ago

On August 6, 2014, residents living in the 20 most run-down housing complexes in the country took a landmark fight for basic living conditions to Europe.

A Paris-based international human rights body lodged claims on behalf of 130,000 residents in estates in inner city Dublin and Limerick over sewage problems, persistent leaks, harmful damp and mould.

The European Committee of Social Rights would later partially rule in favour of the residents but reject complaints of discrimination against those living in the estates.

Elsewhere, the Ireland women’s rugby team consigned New Zealand to their first defeat in 23 years in that year’s Women’s Rugby World Cup.

Last year

One year ago today, there was more sporting glory as Irish women’s hockey goalkeeper Ayeisha McFerran was pictured with her award for best goalkeeper of the Women’s Hockey World Cup, following Ireland’s historic run to the final.

There was also good news for middle-income earners, who Taoiseach Leo Varadkar announced would benefit from a change in tax bands in the 2018 budget.

Across the world on this day ...

Notable moments

‘The Liberator’ is born, US drops nuclear bomb on Hiroshima, and the world’s first website goes live

1623: Anne Hathaway, wife of English dramatist and poet William Shakespeare, died.

1775: Political leader Daniel O’Connell, known as The Liberator, was born. Unable to take his seat in the British parliament despite an overwhelming election victory in 1828 in Co Clare, he forced the British government to accept Catholics in parliament by the passage of the Emancipation Act of 1829.

1787: The Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia began to debate the articles contained in a draft of the US Constitution.

1809: Alfred Tennyson, English poet, born. English poet laureate, he was best known for ‘The Lady of Shallott’ and ‘The Charge of the Light Brigade’.

1881: Alexander Fleming, the Scottish bacteriologist who discovered penicillin in 1928, was born. He won the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1945 with Howard Florey and Ernest Chain.

1890: Convicted US murderer William Kemmler became the first person to die in the electric chair. The execution, at Auburn Prison in New York, raised a storm of controversy over whether the method was humane.

1914: Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia and Serbia declared war on Germany at the start of World War I.

1928: American artist Andy Warhol, one of the pioneers of pop art, was born.

1945: A US plane dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, obliterating the city in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare. The blast and subsequent firestorm killed up to 80,000 people.

1962: Jamaica gained independence after 300 years of British rule.

1991: The world’s first website went online, Tim Berners-Lee’s, running on a NeXT computer at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Switzerland.

1993: Buckingham Palace was opened to the public for the first time, with entrance fees going to fund the restoration at Windsor Castle after the fire of 1992.

1996: US scientists revealed they had found evidence of ancient life on Mars in remnants of a meteorite discovered in Antarctica.

1998: Irish swimmer Michelle Smith was banned for four years after the sport’s governing body decided she had doctored a urine sample.

1998: Monica Lewinsky testified before the US grand jury about her relationship with President Bill Clinton.

2004: An unusually bad monsoon season in India and Bangladesh left 1,900 people dead from drowning, landslides, electrocution and waterborne diseases. At its peak, two-thirds of Bangladesh was submerged.

2007: A cave-in at a mine near Huntington, Utah, trapped six coal miners 450m underground, 5km from the mine entrance. Despite a lack of any evidence that the men were alive rescuers worked for two weeks to rescue them, but without success. A second cave-in 10 days after the first killed two rescue workers and a mine inspector.

2009: Sonia Sotomayor won Senate confirmation as the first Hispanic, and only the third woman, US Supreme Court justice.

2011: Rioting broke out in Tottenham, north London after a peaceful protest demanding justice for a man shot dead by police sparked unrest. By the end of the night Tottenham was ablaze, with cars and shops set on fire and looters running free. Over the following three days, rioting spread to many other areas of London and then to cities across England. Five people died as a direct result of violent acts, and an estimated €240m worth of property damage was incurred. Prime minister David Cameron returned early from holiday to attend to the matter, all police leave was cancelled and parliament was recalled to debate the situation.

2018: French chef Joel Robuchon died aged 73. He operated 13 restaurants around the globe, and had 32 Michelin stars, more than any other chef in the world.

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