A Purchasing Managers’ Index showed manufacturing in the region unexpectedly grew this month, while Spain’s economy showed signs of a further recovery, with third-quarter unemployment dropping to the lowest level since 2011. In Germany, factories rebounded from a slump in September.
“The eurozone recovery still has some legs,” said Martin van Vliet, an economist at ING Bank in Amsterdam. “However, even if the recovery has not ground to a complete halt, growth remains much too weak for anyone’s comfort.”
The 18-region economy failed to grow in the second quarter, and European Central Bank president Mario Draghi has warned of a deflationary spiral of falling prices, with households postponing spending. While the PMI reports lifted stocks and the euro, they also highlighted weak spots as manufacturing demand fell and French factories continued to struggle.
The eurozone factory PMI rose to 50.7 in October from 50.3, London-based Markit said. Economists surveyed by Bloomberg News predicted a drop to 49.9. A reading below 50 indicates contraction. The measure for services held at 52.4. A composite gauge for manufacturing and services rose to 52.2 in October from 52 in September, beating the median estimate of economists.
Within the survey, manufacturers reported a second straight drop in new orders, while new services business showed the smallest increase since January. The numbers suggest the euro area “has so far avoided a slide back into recession this year,” said Chris Williamson, chief economist at Markit in London. At the same time, “growth is so anemic that increasing numbers of companies are being forced into laying off staff and slashing prices.”
In Germany, the factory gauge unexpectedly jumped to 51.8 from 49.9, indicating that Europe’s largest economy may avoid a deeper slump. Oliver Kolodseike, an economist at Markit, said there are “still some uncertainties about the near term.”
In France, services and manufacturing shrank more than estimated in October. Data from Spain showed unemployment fell to 23.7% in the three months through September from 24.5% in the previous quarter. That compares with the median estimate of 24.1% in a Bloomberg News survey. The Bank of Spain published its estimate for third-quarter economic growth and put it at 0.5%. That follows a 0.6% rise the previous quarter.
With the eurozone economy still at risk, the European Central Bank is in the midst of a new round of stimulus to revive growth and inflation. The Frankfurt-based institution has started buying covered bonds and plans to purchase asset-backed securities before the end of the year in an attempt to boost growth and prices in the region Inflation in the currency bloc was 0.3% in September, far from the ECB’s goal of just below 2%. The PMI report showed that companies cut prices by the most since February 2010 to try to boost demand. The ECB lowered its 2014 and 2015 growth forecasts to 0.9 percent and 1.6 percent last month. It predicts inflation rates of 0.6 percent in 2014 and 1.1 percent next year. This data “suggest the talks of another recession have been premature, though the picture of weak economic performance remains,” said Jan Von Gerich, a fixed-income analyst at Nordea Bank AB in Helsinki. “The numbers do not change the outlook materially, and should not lead to a lasting rise in bond yields or the euro.”