France won an option to buy 20% of Alstom from conglomerate Bouygues on Sunday, in an eleventh-hour deal clearing the way for the agreed sale of most of Alstom’s energy business to GE.
The agreement drew a close to a two-month battle for the future of Alstom — a prized industrial company struggling with slow demand for power equipment in post-recession energy markets — that the French government said it would not allow to be “devoured” by a foreign firm.
“I think they (the government) would make a good investment in Alstom.
“This is a company which has a strong potential of value creation and I’m expecting that all shareholders will benefit from this value creation,” Alstom chief executive Patrick Kron told a call with analysts yesterday.
However, given the state will not be part of Alstom’s capital nor on its board before the deal closes in roughly a year, it will not have its say on the use of proceeds from the transaction, he added.
Alstom will be reaping €12.35bn from the sale of its power assets to GE, but will have to re-invest about €2.5bn into three 50:50 joint ventures created at the request of the government — in its electricity grid, renewable energy and nuclear power businesses.
Alstom plans to use the rest of the proceeds to pay off debt, strengthen its transport arm via acquisitions and return cash to its shareholders.
Kron declined to give even a rough breakdown of the numbers.
GE had originally wanted to buy Alstom’s entire power arm outright, but the government threatened to block a deal unless it created partnerships in nuclear power and renewables, seen as strategic to the country’s energy independence and ecologic transition.
Taking into consideration Alstom’s investment in these joint ventures and the cash it will be transferring to GE, the US group’s total cash outlay for the deal will be $10bn (€7.35bn).
The joint ventures planned with GE represent annual revenue of €7.6bn and will include exit options for Alstom, for instance through initial public offerings , Kron said.
Alstom also struck a memorandum of agreement with GE to buy the latter’s rail signalling business for around €600m and to cooperate in services, technology, supply chain, manufacturing and commercial support in the United States.