When Iceland’s banking sector collapsed in the 2008 global financial crisis, accounts were frozen at the bank Landsbanki, which had accepted deposits from British and Dutch savers through online funds called Icesave.
Iceland says the estate of the failed bank will be enough to repay about $5 billion (€3.5bn) of debt to the British and the Dutch. The two countries had wanted the government in Reykjavik to give a state guarantee to the repayment.
In a referendum this year Icelanders rejected for a second time giving a guarantee.
“People (in the government) bowed to the bullying of the Europeans ...,” President Olafur Ragnar Grimsson told RUV public radio.
He said the British and Dutch demand that the government guarantee the debt had been “absurd”.
“So, what is happening now is proving that if the issue had been handled sensibly here from the beginning, it would have been totally unnecessary to put the people of Iceland and our co-operation with Europe into this straitjacket,” he said.
“The EU should investigate and face up to how in the world it was possible that EU member states agreed to support this absurd claim against Iceland,” he said.
The British and Dutch, with the support of other EU nations, had also persuaded the IMF to pressure Iceland, Grimsson said, adding that former IMF managing director Dominique Strauss-Kahn told him in January 2010 he was unhappy that the Fund was being used as a “fist” against Iceland.
Since the 2008 global financial crisis, Iceland had to accept a bailout led by the IMF, accompanied by a programme of economic reforms, which have just been completed.