Anti-government protests in Ukraine’s capital escalated into fiery street battles as thousands of demonstrators hurled rocks and firebombs to set police vehicles ablaze. Dozens of officers and protesters were injured.
Police responded with stun grenades, tear gas and water cannons, but were outnumbered by the protesters. Many of the riot police held their shields over their heads to protect themselves from missiles thrown by demonstrators on the other side of a cordon of buses.
The violence was a sharp escalation of Ukraine’s two-month political crisis, which has brought round-the-clock protest gatherings, but had been largely peaceful.
Opposition leader Vitali Klitschko tried to persuade demonstrators to stop their unrest, but failed and was sprayed by a fire extinguisher in the process. Mr Klitschko later travelled to President Viktor Yanukovych’s residence and said the president had agreed to negotiate.
“There are only two ways for events to develop. The first one is not to negotiate,” Mr Klitschko was quoted as saying by the Interfax news agency. “A scenario of force can be unpredictable and I don’t rule out the possibility of a civil war. ... And here we are using all possibilities in order to prevent bloodshed.”
Mr Yanukovych said later on his website that he had tasked a working group, headed by national security council head Andriy Klyuev, to meet opposition representatives to work out a solution to the crisis. But it was unclear if either side was prepared for real compromise – throughout the crisis, the opposition has insisted on the government’s resignation and calling early presidential elections.
The White House blamed the increased tensions on Ukraine’s government for failing to acknowledge its people’s legitimate grievances and threatened sanctions if the use of violence continued.
National Security Council spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden said Ukraine’s government “has moved to weaken the foundations of Ukraine’s democracy by criminalising peaceful protest and stripping civil society and political opponents of key democratic protections under the law.”
She called on Ukraine to repeal recent laws limiting protests, remove riot police from central Kiev and start talking to the opposition.
“The US will continue to consider additional steps – including sanctions – in response to the use of violence,” she said.
The crisis erupted in November after Mr Yanukovych’s decision to freeze ties with the European Union and seek a huge bail-out from Russia. The decision sparked protests which increased in size and determination after police twice violently dispersed demonstrators.
But anger rose substantially after Mr Yanukovych last week signed an array of laws severely limiting protests and banning the wearing of helmets and gas masks.
Many of yesterday’s demonstrators wore hard hats and masks in defiance of the new laws, set several police buses on fire and some of them chased and attacked officers.
Police used tear gas and stun grenades and fired water cannons at the protesters in temperatures of minus 8 degrees Celsius but the clashes continued.
The harsh new laws brought a crowd of tens of thousands to the protest at Kiev’s central square and a group of radicals marched towards a police cordon several hundred yards away blocking an area housing government offices and began attacking riot police with sticks to push their way towards Ukraine’s parliament building. The crowd then swelled to thousands.
The blasts of stun grenades echoed and plumes of smoke rose above the crowd. Activists chanted “Shame!” and “Revolution”. The Interior Ministry said more than 70 police were injured, four of them seriously. There were no immediate figures for protester injuries.
The ministry also said a criminal case had been opened on charges of mass disorder, with convictions bringing prison sentences of up to 15 years.
Mr Klitschko’s top allies, who stood by his side at the peaceful rally earlier in the day, did not show up at the site of the clashes for the most of the day. Instead, they called for a peaceful means of protest from nearby Independence Square and condemned the clashes.
“No power in the country is worth losing at least one human life,” protest leader Arseniy Yatsenyuk said from the stage at the central square as the clashes dragged late into the evening a few hundred meters away. “That is why I condemn the violence that took place just now.”
Scores of opposition leaders and journalists have been attacked, harassed and prosecuted, since the anti-government protests started November 21. Mr Yanukovych’s government has ignored previous demands made by the opposition.
Opposition leaders condemned Mr Yanukovych’s legislation as unconstitutional and called for the formation of parallel governing structures in the country.
“The power in Ukraine belongs to the people,” Mr Yatsenyuk said.