Riot police have clashed with supporters of Egypt’s former Islamist president across the country, leaving two dead as the Muslim Brotherhood renewed calls to protest ahead of a key referendum later this month.
Fighting spread through heavily populated residential areas in several cities and provinces including Cairo, Giza, Ismailia, and Alexandria, as dozens of Brotherhood members and their supporters threw rocks at security forces who responded with water cannons and tear gas.
Black smoke hung in the air as protesters burnt tyres and threw Molotov cocktails and fireworks at black-clad security forces. A number of police vehicles were set on fire. State television reported one person was killed in the city of Fayoum, south of Cairo, and another in the Suez Canal city of Ismailia.
Such scenes have been recurrent since the July 3 ousting of Mohammed Morsi by a military coup, which came after millions of anti-Islamist protesters demonstrated to demand his resignation.
The numbers of those hitting the street in support of the Brotherhood – Egypt’s most organised political group – have dwindled dramatically over the past months after the military-backed interim government launched a crackdown. Hundreds were killed when authorities broke up protest camps, thousands of Brotherhood members have been arrested and scores sent to trial.
As a result the group shifted tactics, relying more on women and student supporters as it vowed to continue protests ahead of two main events: the second session of Mr Morsi’s trial on January 8 on charges killing of protesters, and the upcoming referendum on a new constitution drafted by secular-leaning panels on January 14-15.
Also today, three explosions targeted a military and police convoy in volatile northern Sinai, wounding four soldiers close to the border with the Gaza Strip, officials said.