Cuban leader Fidel Castro has paid tribute to his late sister-in-law, guerrilla warrior and women’s rights pioneer Vilma Espin Guillois.
He wrote that she “never backed down from any danger” and that her example is “more necessary than ever”.
Espin died on Monday of an undisclosed illness.
The wife of acting Cuban President Raul Castro, she was for decades considered the first lady of the island’s revolution.
Fidel has not been seen in public since announcing last July that emergency intestinal surgery was forcing him to temporarily cede power to a government headed by his younger brother Raul, the defence minister.
Fidel did not appear at formal tributes in Espin’s honour, but wrote about her in an essay called “Vilma’s Battles”.
“I have been a witness of Vilma’s battles for almost half a century,” he wrote, recalling Espin’s days as a guerrilla fighter in Cuba’s Sierra Maestra and her fight for gender equality once the rebels toppled the government of dictator Fulgencio Batista in January 1959.
“Her sweet voice, firm and timely, was always listened to with great respect in meetings of the party, the state and organisations of the masses,” Castro wrote, referring to communist-Cuba’s top leaders and institutions.
Castro’s condition and exact ailment are state secrets, though in recent weeks he has looked healthier in official photographs and video clips.
He has penned a series of essays touching on weighty international issues and his recovery, which he says was slowed after the first of several surgeries did not go well.
Espin was born into a wealthy family in the eastern Cuban city of Santiago. She became a young urban rebel after Batista took power in a coup, and she battled his government throughout the 1950s.
After the 1959 revolution, she became Cuba’s low-key first lady as the wife of Raul, Fidel Castro’s designated successor, because Fidel Castro was divorced.
Espin maintained that role over more than 45 years, even after Fidel reportedly married Dalia Soto del Valle, with whom he is said to have five sons.
“Vilma’s example is more necessary than ever,” Castro wrote. “She dedicated all of her life to the battle for women when in Cuba the majority of them were discriminated against like others in the rest of the world.”
Espin’s power was also rooted in the 40-plus years she served as president of the Federation of Cuban Women, which she founded in 1960 and fashioned into an important pillar of support for the communist government.
Virtually every woman and adolescent girl on the island are listed as members.