US spy agencies ‘probe staff after al Qaeda tries to infiltrate’

Al Qaeda and other hostile groups have repeatedly sought to infiltrate US intelligence agencies, which are investigating thousands of their staff to counter the threat, The Washington Post has reported.

US  spy agencies ‘probe staff after al Qaeda tries to infiltrate’

The CIA found about a fifth of job applicants with suspect backgrounds had “significant terrorist and/or hostile intelligence connections,” the paper cited a classified budget document as saying.

The document was provided to the paper by former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor Edward Snowden, now a fugitive in Russia under temporary asylum.

Although the file did not describe the nature of the jobseekers’ extremist or hostile ties, it cited Hamas, Hezbollah, and al Qaeda and its affiliates most often.

The fear of infiltration is such that the NSA planned last year to investigate at least 4,000 staff who obtained security clearances.

It detected potentially suspicious activity among workers after trawling through trillions of staff keystrokes at work.

The suspicious behaviour included staffers accessing classified data- bases they do not usually use for their work or downloading several documents, two people familiar with the software used to monitor staff said.

But serious delays and uneven implementation have hit the multimillion- dollar effort, and the spy agencies never detected Snowden copying a wide range of the NSA’s highly classified documents.

The fugitive leaker is wanted by Washington on espionage charges linked to media disclosures about US surveillance initiatives.

“Over the last several years, a small subset of CIA’s total job applicants were flagged due to various problems or issues,” one official told the Post.

“During this period, one in five of that small subset were found to have significant connections to hostile intelligence services and or terrorist groups.”

The NSA is also creating a huge database known as Wildsage to help share sensitive intelligence among cybersecurity centres, according to the budget document. But the move has raised concern that the database could be infiltrated.

Intelligence agencies have stepped up scrutiny of insider threats following the disclosure of hundreds of thousands of military and diplomatic files by WikiLeaks in 2010.

Army private Bradley Manning, an intelligence analyst now known as Chelsea Manning, had leaked the documents to the anti-secrecy group.

In 2011, Congress ordered director of national intelligence James Clapper to set up an “automated insider threat detection programme” to prevent further leaks, stop possible abuses, and identify double agents.

But the project was delayed several times as the intelligence community dealt with the aftermath of Manning’s leaks, the Post said.

President Barack Obama’s administration has cracked down on insider threats.

In Nov 2012, Obama issued a national insider threat policy that defined the threats as coming from “espionage, terrorism [or] unauthorised disclosure of national security information.”

The policy places whistleblowers, spies, and “terrorists” in a single category, and has triggered outcries from critics who say the three are distinct.

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