August 19, 2019: A look back at what happened on this day in years gone by

We take a trip down memory lane and check out what happened on this day in years gone by by looking back at some Irish Examiner front pages and highlighting other events which went down in history across the world.

August 19, 2019: A look back at what happened on this day in years gone by

August 19- 50 years ago

The past week has seen plenty of retrospectives on the ‘Battle of the Bogside’ — the Derry riots that marked a significant escalation of The Troubles.

Our front page on August 19, 1969, reflected the tensions of the time and was dominated by stories relating to the North.

The Northern premier, James Chichester-Clark, was expected to come under heavy pressure to disband the ‘B’ Specials over its handling of the riots when he met British prime minister Harold Wilson and home secretary James Callaghan in a crisis encounter. The force would be disbanded a year later.

Minister for External Affairs Patrick Hillery was trying to get the situation in the North on the UN Security Council’s agenda.

20 years ago

With the cost of insurance hitting the headlines once again this month, a glance back on this day 20 years ago shows it’s a case of history repeating.

“Solicitors are fuelling a compo culture which will cost the taxpayer £20m in claims against local authorities this year unless the law is changed immediately, the insurer who handles all suits against the State has warned,” our lead story stated on August 19, 1999.

There has already been a 10% hike in claims against local authorities this year, according to the Irish Public Bodies Mutual Insurers.

Solicitors advertising their services for claims, coupled with the huge awards in army deafness cases have prompted the spread in this compensation culture, said IPBMI claims manager Terry O’Neill.

“While the army deafness awards were legitimate, many people now feel that suing a public body is money for old rope,” Mr O’Neill said.

10 years ago

A decade on from concerns about rising insurance costs, money woes of a different kind led our front page on August 19, 2009.

We reported on calls for Brian Cowen and Bertie Ahern to be summoned before a televised Oireachtas inquiry to explain their role in the banking crisis.

The crisis was so grave that the calls were coming from within the duo’s own coalition.

Green Party senator Dan Boyle said it was right that then-taoiseach Cowen appear before such a probe to explain decisions he made as finance minister.

Five years ago

Five years ago — and four years before the country voted to repeal the Eighth Amendment — we reported on a case that saw both pro-choice and anti-abortion groups come out against the 2013 Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act.

“The HSE is to carry out an investigation into the treatment of the immigrant teenager refused an abortion here despite being raped and certified suicidal,” our front page on August 19, 2014 reported.

“Questions hang over delays between the time the woman sought an abortion, early in her pregnancy, and her eventual admission to hospital as a suicide risk, and between that time and her reluctant consent to a caesarean section late in her second trimester.”

One year ago

Finally, this time last year, we reported on how the Department of Justice has been rebuked after 68 files, which it said did not exist, between ex-tánaiste Frances Fitzgerald and a PR firm were discovered following an investigation.

The past week has seen plenty of retrospectives on the ‘Battle of the Bogside’ — the Derry riots that marked a significant escalation of The Troubles.

On this day in the World: Greece bailout, car bombings, and Tyson's victory

■ 14 AD: Augustus, first Emperor of Rome and adopted son of Julius Caesar, died.

■ 1561: Mary Queen of Scots arrived in Scotland to take the throne after 13 years in France.

■ 1839: The first ‘daguerreotype’ photograph, a direct positive image on a silver-coated copper plate, taken by Louis Jacques Daguerre, was shown in Paris.

■ 1848: The New York Herald reported the discovery of gold in California.

■ 1871: Orville Wright, US inventor and aviator was born. With his brother Wilbur, he succeeded in developing the first machine capable of powered flight in December 1903.

■ 1883: Gabrielle ‘Coco’ Chanel, French fashion designer, was born.

■ 1934: Germans voted to give Adolf Hitler the presidency, in addition to being chancellor.

■ 1946: William Jefferson Clinton, 42nd president of the United States, was born. He served as governor of Arkansas from 1978-80 and from 1982-92, when he was elected president. He was re-elected for a second term in 1996.

■ 1960: The Soviet Union launched the Sputnik 5 satellite into Earth orbit, carrying two dogs, Belka and Strelka. It was the first spaceflight to send animals into orbit and return them safely to Earth, and paved the way for the first human orbital flight, Vostok 1, less than eight months later.

■ 1977: Actor and comedian Groucho Marx died. The most popular of the famous Marx Brothers, his films included A Night at the Opera and A Day at the Races.

■ 1979: The Vietnamese-backed Cambodian government passed a death sentence on former dictator Pol Pot for genocide. The sentence was passed in absentia, as troops were unable to track down the Khmer Rouge leader.

■ 1987: Gunman Michael Ryan shot dead 16 people during a rampage through Hungerford, England, in what was then Britain’s worst mass killing. He then shot himself after being cornered by police in a local school.

■ 1991: Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev was overthrown in a coup by Communist hardliners, which collapsed two days later. The failed coup marked the beginning of the end of the Soviet Union.

■ 1995: After two years in prison, former undisputed world heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson appeared in his comeback fight, beating Peter McNeeley in just 89 seconds.

■ 1998: Police in Manchester questioned local doctor Harold Shipman about the death of an elderly woman patient and said they were investigating a further 19 deaths of patients in his care; Shipman was later exposed as Britain’s worst mass murderer, thought to have killed at least 215 people over 23 years.

■ 2005: Britain’s former Northern secretary Mo Mowlam, who oversaw the talks which led to the 1998 Good Friday Agreement, died aged 55. The Labour Party politician, who had previously suffered a brain tumour, once famously whipped off her wig and slammed it on the table when negotiations between the obdurate foes of Northern Irish politics reached a sticking point.

■ 2009: At least 101 people were killed and more than 500 were injured after car bombs and a barrage of mortars hit highprofile targets in Baghdad. They were the first co-ordinated strikes against central areas of the capital since Iraqi forces took over responsibility for security in the city, and the deadliest attack since the Yazidi bombings in northern Iraq in August 2007 which killed almost 800 people.

■ 2012: Hollywood director Tony Scott died by suicide in Los Angeles at the age of 68. The British-born director, brother of Alien director Ridley Scott, shot to fame in the 1980s with a string of action films including Top Gun, Crimson Tide, and Beverly Hills Cop II.

■ 2015: Germany’s parliament backed a third bailout for Greece, a victory for Chancellor Angela Merkel, who supported the proposal. The $95bn bailout had still to be approved by other governments in Europe.

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