August 15, 2019: A look back at what happened on this day in years gone by

Pick any day in August 1969 and one issue dominated the news agenda — the North. This was the beginning of The Troubles and a period of some of the bloodiest violence that would leave a mark on the province for decades to come.

August 15, 2019: A look back at what happened on this day in years gone by

We take a trip down memory lane and check out what happened on this day in years gone by by looking back at some Irish Examiner front pages and highlighting other events which went down in history across the world.

August 15 - 50 years ago

Pick any day in August 1969 and one issue dominated the news agenda — the North. This was the beginning of The Troubles and a period of some of the bloodiest violence that would leave a mark on the province for decades to come.

On 15 August 1969, the Cork Examiner again dedicated the entire front page to the violence and the killing of John Gallagher by members of a B Special platoon.

The newspaper called the killing “a potentially explosive turn” in the conflict.

“The tragedy came as a fresh wave of violence swept the North with street fighting, machine-gun fire and buildings set ablaze,” said the lead story.

Elsewhere, the newspaper reported that minister for external affairs Dr Patrick Hillery had flown to London for “talks” protesting the use of British troops on the streets of the North.

25 years ago

And 25 years ago today there were fears that a ruthless murder gang similar to the Shankill butchers was on the loose after the brutal beating and murder of a 20-year-old Catholic father of two Sean Monaghan. Police described Mr Monaghan as a totally innocent victim.

The Cork Examiner also reported on a near riot in Knocknaheeny in Cork City when gardaí came under attack by a ‘drunken stone-throwing gang’ as they tried to recover a number of stolen cars. Up to six cars were set on fire and destroyed by the vandals.

The newspaper also reported on French police recovering a baby snatched from a maternity hospital by a woman who tried to pass him off as her own after pretending to give birth.

10 years ago

Fifteen years later, the recession was dominating headlines as the Government warned that all senior public servants, including hospital consultants, would have to face a pay cut.

Education minister Batt O’Keeffe also warned that pay levels right across the wider public service would have to be examined to see if wider cuts could be justified.

Elsewhere, things were so bad that the VHI was warning that 200,000 people would quit their policies such was the bite of the recession.

5 years ago

On 15 August 2014, the Government was coming under pressure to remove the prescription drugs charge and avoid new GP fees after an EU report found that these costs could damage people’s health and did not save the health system any money.

The EU’s expert panel on effective ways of investing in health said the policies are “inequitable”, fail to fill the holes in health budgets and could have a “negative effect on health”.

The Defence Forces were also on “a mission” to recruit more women with a series of child-friendly initiatives and visits to schools and colleges with the aim of selling a career in the military.

Last year

On this day last year, the brutal murder of Deirdre Jacob was the lead story in the Examiner. Ms Jacob was just 18 when she disappeared from the entrance to her home on the outskirts of Newbridge in 1998.

Last year, her disappearance was upgraded to murder and it was reported that gardaí believed that a violent criminal living abroad was being treated as a suspect in the murder.

In other news on that day, domestic violence campaigners criticised plans to commemorate boxer Jack Doyle with a statue in his hometown of Cobh in Cork. Women’s Aid described the plans as “misguided” and said they could insinuate to those who abuse their partners that such behaviour is acceptable.

Across the world on this day ...

Notable moments

1057: Macbeth, king of Scotland, whose life was the basis for Shakespeare’s play, was killed by Malcolm Canmore, son of King Duncan, at Lumphanan, near Aberdeen. Macbeth had murdered Duncan 17 years earlier.

1534: The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) was founded in Paris by St Ignatius of Loyola.

1769: Napoleon Bonaparte, future military leader and emperor of France, was born in Ajaccio, Corsica.

1771: Walter Scott, Scottish author, was born. He wrote many historical romances including Guy Mannering, Ivanhoe, and Heart of Midlothian.

1843: The Tivoli Pleasure Gardens, one of the oldest amusement parks in the world, and still very popular, opened in Copenhagen, Denmark. The park inspired Walt Disney to create Disneyland.

1848: The dental chair, which rose up and down as well as reclined, was patented in Syracuse, New York.

1888: TE (Thomas Edward) Lawrence, British adventurer, writer, archaeologist, and soldier, was born. Known as Lawrence of Arabia after leading the Arab revolt against the Turks, 1917-18.

1914: The cargo ship SS Ancon was the first ship to sail through the Panama Canal. The 77km waterway allows ships to pass between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, saving around 12,875km off the voyage around Cape Horn.

1917: Jack Lynch, Irish statesman and taoiseach in 1966-1973 and 1977-1979, was born. He Became the Irish Republic’s country’s fifth taoiseach in 1966 as leader of Fianna Fáil.

1917: Deposed Russian Tsar Nicholas II and his family were moved from their residence at Tsarskoe Selo to further imprisonment in Siberia.

1924: Robert Bolt, British playwright, screenwriter, and director, was born. He was noted for his stage play A Man For All Seasons and his scripts for the films Lawrence of Arabia and Dr Zhivago.

1939: The Wizard of Oz, starring Judy Garland as Dorothy, premiered at Grauman’s Chinese Theatre in Hollywood.

1945: Millions worldwide celebrated VJ (Victory in Japan) Day, the day after Japan’s surrender was announced. Japan’s capitulation ended World War II, a global conflict in which between 50m and 85m people are estimated to have died.

1947: India gained independence from British rule one day after the country’s Muslim-majority areas were carved out into the separate nation-state of Pakistan.

1948: South Korea gained independence and was formally proclaimed as the Republic of Korea, with Syngman Rhee as its first president.

1965: Over 55,600 fans attended a Beatles concert at Shea Stadium, New York, setting new world records for attendance and revenue at a pop concert.

1969: The legendary Woodstock Music and Arts Fair began on Max Yasgur’s farm at Bethel, in upstate New York.

1990: President Mikhail Gorbachev restored Soviet citizenship to Nobel prize-winning author Alexander Solzhenitsyn, expelled to the West in 1974 for his harrowing novels attacking Stalinism.

1994: Illich Ramirez Sanchez, known as Carlos the Jackal, was captured in Sudan, following a tip-off from officials in Paris. He was linked with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and other militant groups.

1995: Fifty years after World War II ended in the Pacific, Japan made its first clear-cut apology for the country’s wartime actions.

1996: Senior Bosnian officials signed an agreement to fully form the country’s Muslim-Croat Federation and dismantle the self-styled Bosnian Croat republic of Herceg-Bosna.

1998: In the North, a car bomb in the market town of Omagh killed 29 people, the worst incident in 29 years of paramilitary attacks in the province.

2000: The Russian navy attempted to evacuate 118 crew members trapped in the Oscar II-class nuclear submarine Kursk that sank in the Barents Sea three days earlier.

2004: Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez survived an attempt to remove him from office after 58% of voters rejected recalling him. Chavez had faced allegations of corruption, but won support for social programmes for the poor and a rise in oil prices.

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