In this situation, the warning “caveat emptor” or “buyer beware” is very important.
Although appointed by the bank, the receiver acts as agent of the borrower.
The bank will have suffered a loss on the property, and will want to dispose of it as soon as possible, to minimise that loss.
The bank will want to sell the property as it stands, and will not want to incur any expense, if they can avoid it.
The receiver has a duty to obtain the best price possible.
A ‘normal’ vendor will have a duty to provide information about the property in relation to such matters, as boundaries, disputes, planning etc.
A receiver can exclude many of these items from the Contract for Sale.
Instruct a solicitor who is experienced in conveyancing and has a good reputation. Chose a solicitor who has been recommended to you by family, friends or a business advisor.
Remember, this may be the biggest financial decision of your life, so the decision as to whom you should engage to act as your solicitor is a serious one. Also remember that this is a service, not a product, and service levels can vary dramatically from firm to firm.
Arm yourself with as much local knowledge as possible. Talk to the residents in the housing estate.
Call to the neighbours. Make contact with the representative for the management company. Find out if there are any issues with the property.
It is always a good idea to speak with those living in the area, to gain an understanding of the history of the property and the locality.
Before you close the sale, arrange a final viewing to inspect the property one last time, to ensure nothing has materially changed with the property, there is vacant possession, there is no rubbish in the property etc.
Prepare a budget. List all of the costs and expenses that buying the property will entail.
Your solicitor will help you with this process. You will have legal fees and outlays, valuation fees, survey fees, life assurance premiums, building insurance, etc.
If you address these issues in advance, then there will be no nasty financial surprises awaiting you as the transaction progresses. You will inevitably have increased expenses associated with buying a property in negative equity, so it is best to find out about any additional costs as early as possible.
Be realistic about the closing date.
In the event that you are financing the acquisition through a lending institution, then all of the qualifications and limitations listed in the contract must be brought to your lender’s attention, and their agreement sought and obtained in writing prior to the signing the contract.
This can take a few weeks.
Check the position in relation to access to the property. Is the property abutting a public road?
Does the property require access over a neighbour’s land? Is there a right of way in place? Are there any disputes with neighbours?
What are the rights and obligations in relation to the right of way? Who maintains the right of way?
Instruct a competent engineer or architect to visit the relevant planning department, inspect the planning register, talk to the planning officials and ensure that there are no outstanding planning permission or building regulation problems of which they are aware.
Make enquiries with the management company.
The major difficulty for buyers of repossessed houses or apartments in managed estates is that the receiver’s solicitor will usually not have up to date information from the management company.
This information concerns the service charges for the management of the common areas, green areas, lifts, sinking funds etc, but most importantly, in the case of apartments, the insurance on the apartment block.
Your solicitor will insist that this necessary information be supplied.
If you require a mortgage to complete the purchase of an apartment, no bank will lend to you unless the position of the management company and in particular, the block insurance policy is in order.
Any arrears of service charges will have to be paid by the bank out of the proceeds of sale before a change of ownership will be noted by the management company.
Your solicitor will ensure that you do not have to pay the service charges, which should have been paid by the owner.
Check the position in relation to utilities.
If the property has not been occupied for some time, it may well be the case that the ESB and water are disconnected. Substantial reconnection fees could be payable.