A huge jump in wholesale prices sent stocks falling in the United States today as investors worried that rising oil prices were starting to take a toll on the overall economy.
Mediocre earnings reports from retailers, including Wal-Mart Stores Inc., also pressured the market.
Wall Street was concerned that the sharp increase in the Producer Price Index, which rose 1.7% in October after a 0.1% hike in September, would either eat into fourth-quarter profits or be passed on to consumers, with the latter possibility spurring inflation as time goes on.
The 1.7% increase in the PPI was the largest since January 1990. Without energy and food costs, which vary widely from month to month, “core” wholesale prices climbed in October by 0.3% for the second month in a row, the Labor Department reported.
“The PPI really wasn’t that surprising. We knew energy prices were up and would start to affect wholesale prices, so that’s nothing new,” said Brian Belski, market strategist at Piper Jaffray. “Given that we’ve had a very strong move up in prices over the past few weeks, the fact that we’re taking a rest here today isn’t a bad thing.”
The Dow Jones industrial average fell 62.59, or 0.59%, to 10,487.65.
It was the Dow’s largest single-session drop since October 22, right before Wall Street’s three-week run upward began.
Broader stock indicators were moderately lower. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index was down 8.38, or 0.71%, at 1,175.43, and the Nasdaq composite index dropped 15.47, or 0.74%, to 2,078.62.
While oil prices have retreated in recent weeks, the lingering effect of October’s $55 per-barrel highs may be felt through the rest of the year by businesses and consumers.
However, prices have fallen sharply in recent weeks, giving hope to some stability in energy costs through the winter.
A barrel of light crude was quoted at 46.11 dollars, down 76 cents on the New York Mercantile Exchange.
Analysts argued that mediocre forecasts for fourth quarter earnings, especially among retailers, has made investors more cautious after three weeks of exuberant buying.
“We had a very nice run, but now I think the market’s a little overbought,” said Chris Johnson, manager of quantitative analysis at Schaeffer’s Investment Research.
“The surge is certainly out of the way now, so it’s going to be left to fundamentals, and those are pretty lacklustre right now. There’s nothing there to really blow your hair back.”
Wal-Mart lost 81 cents to 56.89 dollars after meeting Wall Street’s profit expectations, posting a 12.7% increase in third-quarter profits and earning 54 cents per share.
The company’s third-quarter sales figures were below analysts’ estimates and investors also had hoped for a stronger fourth quarter outlook from the Dow component.
Home improvement retailer Home Depot Inc fared better, beating Wall Street expectations by 3 cents per share on a 15% jump in third-quarter profits.
The Dow component also increased its forecast for full-year earnings. Home Depot nonetheless dropped 79 cents to 43 dollars.
Office supply chain Staples Inc. lost 32 cents to 30.87dollars after the company beat analysts’ forecasts by a penny per share for the third quarter.
Profits rose 26% from a year ago, but analysts were disappointed with a mediocre fourth-quarter earnings outlook.
Regulatory and accounting troubles continued to plague mortgage giant Fannie Mae, which said late Monday its outside auditor refused to certify the company’s third-quarter earnings report. Fannie Mae slipped 80 cents to 69.40 dollars.
Declining issues outnumbered advancers by more than 3 to 2 on the New York Stock Exchange, where volume came to 1.36 billion shares, compared with 1.45 billion on Monday.
The Russell 2000 index of smaller companies was down 5.97, or 0.96%, at 617.89.