We take a trip down memory lane and check out what happened on this day in years gone by by looking back at some Irish Examiner front pages and highlighting other events which went down in history across the world.
The prospect of life on Mars made the front page of the Cork Examiner 50 years ago.
Despite the claims of a respected scientist at the time, we are still waiting.
Dr George Pimentel, a scientist based at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, proclaimed that the presence of gases above the Martian South Pole indicated the existence of life on the planet. He described it as “very exciting” but added that he had “no clues” about the origin of the gas. Fifty years later, it appears that it was all just a bit of hot air.
Elsewhere on the front page, there were celebrations for Iris Kellett and her horse Morning Light, who won the European Ladies’ Show Jumping Championship in Ballsbridge, Dublin, described as Ireland’s “greatest triumph in show jumping for almost 50 years”.
Fine Gael shadow minister Oliver J Flanagan found himself in some hot water having claimed that too much land was in the hands of Germans in Ireland.
“We have no room in this country for Nazis,” he said, prompting heavy criticism from the German embassy.
Twenty years ago, the front page of the Examiner was led by the distraught parents of missing teenager Deirdre Jacobs.
They were appealing for a man who had contacted them, claiming to have fresh information about her disappearance, to make contact again. Two decades later, the search is ongoing. Her family reiterated their appeal for information in recent weeks.
The front page also carried a story about a nurses’ pay dispute. The Labour Court had failed to make any recommendations on a pay claim and strike action was described as “more likely”. The story is very reminiscent of 2019, which has already seen strike action by nurses and support staff.
A decade ago, it was swine flu fears that led the paper. The lead story on the front page of the paper carried the tragic news that a young woman from the west of Ireland had become the first swine flu fatality.
The woman, who had underlying medical problems, died in Tallaght Hospital. The Department of Health had warned that deaths were “inevitable” and then health minister Mary Harney offered sympathies.
Five years ago, it was time for the final word on the Garth Brooks concerts. His five concerts had been cancelled at Croke Park due to a licencing row in a saga that gripped the country for the entire summer.
In an interview in the Irish Examiner, Croke Park chief Peter McKenna said the “complete fiasco” cost the GAA €5m.
Elsewhere, there was a story about violent Limerick gangs evading gardaí by using the train to make their getaway after aggravated burglaries in the county. It was even claimed that the gang used free travel passes.
Last year, a story on the reintroduction of the St Patrick’s St bus priority measures was included on page one.
“Softer, subtle and supported by a suite of incentives” is how it was pitched but the uproar that followed would dominate the front page for months.
Businesses, residents, and Cork City Council were split on the ‘Pana car ban’, which was reintroduced a year ago today after a 111-day suspension following an unsuccessful first outing.
1788: The first cattle arrived in Australia. Two bulls and five cows were off-loaded in Sydney; subsequently they were either eaten or wandered into the bush.
1806: William Bligh, survivor of the 1789 mutiny when he was captain of HMS Bounty, became the fourth governor of New South Wales, Australia.
1815: Napoleon Bonaparte set sail forSt Helena to spend the remainder of his days in exile.
1899: Albert T Marshall of Massachusetts received a patent for the first mechanical household refrigeration machine.
1918: In World War One the Battle of Amiens began. Allied forces advanced on a 16km front against 20 German divisions and took 16,000 prisoners in two hours.
1935: Adolf Hitler’s propaganda machine took control of the new German television service.
1937: US stage and screen actor Dustin Hoffman was born. He won fame early in his career in The Graduate and has since won two Oscars, for Kramer vs Kramer and Rain Man.
1942: Mahatma Gandhi launched theQuit India movement, calling for complete independence from British rule. Although the movement was suppressed it convinced the British that India was ungovernable in the long run.
1958: A 17-year-old British singer called Cliff Richard was signed to Columbia records.
1963: Thieves held up the Glasgow- London mail train and stole €3.5m in the UK’s Great Train Robbery.
1974: US president Richard Nixon announced his resignation due to his involvement in the Watergate scandal. He is the only US president to resign from office.
1991: British journalist John McCarthy was freed by Islamic Jihad after being held hostage in Lebanon for more than five years.
2001: The 10-year marriage of Hollywood golden couple Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman ended in divorce.
2004: Actress Fay Wray, famously kidnapped by the giant ape King Kong in the classic 1933 horror movie, died aged 96.
2007: The baiji, or Yangtze River dolphin, was declared functionally extinct following an intensive survey of its natural habitat. The marine mammal was the first large vertebrate forced to extinction by human activity in 50 years.
2007: Two fossils found in Kenya challenged views of human evolution by showing that Homo erectus and Homo habilis lived side by side in east Africa for half a million years, suggesting both species originated from a common ancestor between two million and three million years ago.
2008: The Beijing Olympic Games opened with a spectacular ceremony at the Bird’s Nest stadium. The four-hour ceremony, focusing on ancient Chinese culture, featured more than 15,000 performers and was reported to have cost over €90m.
2008: Georgia launched a full-scale assault in the breakaway region of South Ossetia, sparking a brief, but fierce conflict with Russia.
2010: Torrential rains sent massive waves of mud, rocks and water tearing through Zhouqu in China’s northwestern Gansu province, killing more than 1,400 people.It was the most deadly individual disaster amid four months of devastating flooding in China throughout the summer.
2011: As evening fell, looting and rioting erupted across London for a third night. Worst affected by the violence were Hackney, Clapham Junction and Croydon, where a man was shot dead and fire gutted a 100-year-old family-run furniture store. Trouble also flared in Bristol, Nottingham and Birmingham. Prime minister David Cameron returned early from his holiday in Italy to chair a meeting of the Cobra emergency committee.
2016: Pokémon Go, the smash hit augmented reality smartphone game, notched up a record €185m within itsfirst month after launch, beating othertop-earning games such as Candy Crush and Clash Royale.
2017: Country singer Glen Campbell died at the age of 81. Famous in the 1960s and 70s for hits such as ‘Wichita Lineman’ and ‘Rhinestone Cowboy’, he released over 70 albums and sold 45 million records.