Fugitive US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden said calls for more oversight of government intelligence agencies showed he was justified in revealing the methods and targets of the US secret service.
Snowden’s leaks about the National Security Agency (NSA), from its alleged mass scanning of emails to the tapping of world leaders’ phones, have infuriated US allies and placed Washington on the defensive.
In A Manifesto for the Truth published in the German news magazine Der Spiegel yesterday, Snowden said current debates about mass surveillance in many countries showed his revelations were helping to bring about change.
“Instead of causing damage, the usefulness of the new public knowledge for society is now clear because reforms to politics, supervision and laws are being suggested,” the 30-year-old ex-CIA employee and NSA contractor wrote.
“Citizens have to fight against the suppression of information about affairs of essential importance for the public. Those who speak the truth are not committing a crime.”
Snowden is in Russia, where he has been given asylum for at least a year. In an open letter to Germany last week, he said he was counting on international support to stop Washington’s ‘persecution’ of him.
His revelations about the reach and methods of the NSA have angered US allies from Germany to Brazil.
Admirers have called Snowden a human rights champion. Others say he is a traitor for stealing information from the NSA after vowing to respect its secrecy policies and then fleeing first to Hong Kong and then to Russia with classified data.
Snowden declined a job offer from Russia’s top social networking site VKontakte (InTouch), local media quoted one of the firm’s founders, Pavel Durov, as saying over the weekend.
A Russian lawyer who is assisting Snowden, Anatoly Kucherena, had said this week the American would start work in November for a “large Russian site” that he refused to name for security reasons.
In the manifesto, Snowden said mass surveillance was a global problem that needed global solutions and that secret services’ “criminal surveillance programmes” jeopardised individual privacy, freedom of opinion and open societies.
The existence of spying technology should not determine politics, he said: “We have a moral duty to ensure that our laws and values limit surveillance programs and protect human rights”.
He said some governments that felt exposed by the revelations had at first launched a “persecution campaign” to repress debate by intimidating journalists and threatening them with prosecution.
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