Olympic headache for anti-terror forces

Half a million tourists, dozens of heads of state, and the attention of the world’s media. If there were ever a headache for anti-terror forces, it’s the Olympics.

In the aftermath of deadly attacks by the Islamic State (IS) group in France and elsewhere, Brazil — which has almost no experience combatting terrorism — is beefing up security for the games that start in Rio de Janeiro next Friday.

Plans include doubling the number of security forces on the streets, erecting more checkpoint, and working closer with foreign intelligence agencies than for the 2014 World Cup.

But Richard Ford, a retired FBI anti-terror expert who lives in Brazil, said that while the government has a robust plan to keep athletes and venues safe, he worries that authorities aren’t taking the threat of a lone-wolf or suicide attack seriously enough.

He cited comments by Justice Minister Alexandre de Moraes, who surprised many last week by saying the chances of a terror attack at the games were “next to zero” and that the bigger concern is street crime.

Just a day later, the federal police overseen by Moraes arrested 10 Brazilians allegedly belonging to an amateur cell that had professed allegiance to IS over the internet.

“It’s very naive to think that the risks for terrorism are minimal,” said Ford, who has worked on security at several Olympic Games.

“In the last year, the risk of a terrorist attack has gone up exponentially everywhere.”

Terror attacks have been rare, if horrifying at past Olympics. The most notorious was the 1972 massacre of 11 Israeli athletes and a police officer by a radical Palestinian group in Munich.

A bomb planted by an anti-abortion protester killed one and injured 111 at the 1996 Games in Atlanta.

“But Brazil has a lot of problems that other countries don’t have,” Ford said. “It’s sort of a perfect storm for anyone wanting to carry out an attack.”

South America’s first-ever games have been plagued by a long list of problems, from the zika epidemic and severe water pollution to slow ticket sales and questions about the readiness of infrastructure built for the games.

Compounding the security concerns is the deepest recession in decades, which has forced the cash-strapped Rio state government to slash spending and delay paycheques, and a distracting political crisis that led to the removal of President Dilma Rousseff while she faces an impeachment trial.

To make up for the shortfall, the federal government has had to step in with almost $1bn (€890m) in emergency funding, much of which will be devoted to security. Extra police are also being deployed from other states.

Many of Brazil’s security holes are ancient and hard to resolve. Long, porous borders it shares with 10 countries are a major conduit for arms and drug smugglers.

Obtaining an assault rifle, or explosives, is easy from the criminal gangs that dominate Rio’s hillside slums. Last year, thieves managed to steal a truck carrying a ton of dynamite.

Harder to explain, though, is the late start on hiring security screeners. An investigation by The Wall Street Journal this month found that Brazil’s government waited until July 1 to award the contract to recruit and deploy thousands of security guards at Olympic venues, raising questions about whether screening procedures were rigorous for people who will be tasked with monitoring x-ray machines and performing pat-downs.

The security contract for the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver was awarded 10 months in advance.

Many Brazilians are on edge as the military buildup becomes more evident. There have also been several bomb scares.

The ritzy beach neighbourhood of Leblon shut down streets for several hours last week after discovery of a suspicious bag that turned out to contain only clothes.

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