Fears amid the mourning

South Africans united in mourning for Nelson Mandela yesterday, but while some celebrated his remarkable life with dance and song, others fretted that the anti-apartheid hero’s death would make the nation vulnerable again to racial and social tensions.

President Jacob Zuma said Mandela would be buried on Sunday, Dec 15, at his ancestral home in the Eastern Cape.

South Africans heard from Zuma late on Thursday that their first black president had died peacefully at his Johannesburg home in the company of his family after a long illness.

Zuma also announced Mandela would be honoured at a Dec 10 memorial service at Johannesburg’s Soccer City stadium, the site of the 2010 World Cup final.

“We will spend the week mourning his passing. We will also spend it celebrating a life well lived,” Zuma said.

Mandela will be laid to rest at his ancestral village of Qunu, 700km south of Johannesburg, in a plot where three of his children and other close family members are buried.

Despite reassurances from public figures that Mandela’s death at 95, while sorrowful, would not halt South Africa’s advance from its apartheid past, there were those who expressed unease about the absence of a man famed as a peacemaker.

“It’s not going to be good. I think it’s going to become a more racist country. People will turn on each other and chase foreigners away,” said Sharon Qubeka, 28, a secretary from Tembisa township. “Mandela was the only one who kept things together.”

Flags flew at half mast across the country, and trade was halted for five minutes on the Johannesburg stock exchange. But the mood was not all sombre. Hundreds filled the streets around Mandela’s home in the upmarket Johannesburg suburb of Houghton.

Another veteran anti-apartheid campaigner, former Anglican Archbishop of Cape Town Desmond Tutu, said that like all South Africans, he was “devastated” by Mandela’s death.

“Let us give him the gift of a South Africa united, one,” Tutu said at a religious service in Cape Town’s St George’s Cathedral.

Tributes continued to pour in for Mandela, who had been suffering for nearly a year from a recurring lung illness dating back to the 27 years he spent in apartheid jails, including Robben Island.

US President Barack Obama and British prime minister David Cameron were among those who praised him.

The flags of the 193 UN member states along First Avenue in Manhattan, were lowered at 10am local time in honour of Mandela. The UN General Assembly observed a minute of silence.

The loss was also keenly felt across the African continent. “We are in trouble now, Africa. No one will fit Mandela’s shoes,” said Kenyan teacher Catherine Ochieng, 32.

Former Zambian president Kenneth Kaunda, an old ally of Mandela’s in the fight against apartheid, hailed him as “a great freedom fighter”.

For South Africa, the death of its most loved leader comes at a time when the nation has been experiencing labour unrest, growing protests against poor services, poverty, crime, and unemployment, and corruption scandals tainting Zuma’s rule.

Many saw today’s South Africa — the continent’s biggest economy but also one of the world’s most unequal — as still distant from the “rainbow nation” ideal of social peace and shared prosperity that Mandela had proclaimed on his triumphant release from prison in 1990.

“I feel like I lost my father, someone who would look out for me,” said Joseph Nkosi, 36, a security guard.

“Now without Madiba I feel like I don’t have a chance. The rich will get richer and simply forget about us. The poor don’t matter to them. Look at our politicians, they are nothing like Madiba.”

The crowd around Mandela’s home in Houghton preferred to celebrate his achievement in bringing South Africans together.

For 16-year-old Michael Lowry, who has no memory of the apartheid system that ended in 1994, Mandela’s legacy means he can have non-white friends. “I hear stories that my parents tell me and I’m just shocked that such a country could exist. I couldn’t imagine just going to school with just white friends,” he said.

Shortly after the news of Mandela’s death, Tutu had tried to calm fears that the absence of the man who steered South Africa to democracy might revive the ghosts of apartheid.

“To suggest that South Africa might go up in flames — as some have predicted — is to discredit South Africans and Madiba’s legacy,” he said. “The sun will rise tomorrow, and the next day and the next... It may not appear as bright as yesterday, but life will carry on.”

Zuma and his ruling African National Congress face presidential and legislative elections next year which are expected to reveal discontent about poverty and unemployment.

But the former liberation movement is expected to maintain its dominance in South African politics.

Mark Rosenberg, senior Africa analyst at the Eurasia Group, said that while Mandela’s death might give the ANC a sympathy-driven boost for the next elections, it would hurt the party in the long term.

He saw Mandela’s absence “sapping the party’s historical legitimacy and encouraging rejection by voters who believe the ANC has failed to deliver on its economic promises and become mired in corruption”.

Mandela rose from rural obscurity to challenge white minority rule — a struggle that gave the 20th century one of its most respected and loved figures. He was among the first to advocate armed resistance to apartheid in 1960, but was quick to preach reconciliation and forgiveness when the white minority began easing its grip on power 30 years later.

He was elected president in all-race elections in 1994 after helping to steer the divided country towards reconciliation and away from civil war.

Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, an honour he shared with FW de Klerk, the white Afrikaner president who released him in 1990.

In 1999, Mandela handed power to younger leaders better equipped to manage a modern economy, a rare voluntary departure from power cited as an example to African leaders.

Mandela funeral arrangements

Nelson Mandela’s funeral will take place on Dec 15 at his rural childhood home.

He will be laid to rest on the in Qunu in the Eastern Cape province.

Mandela will be given a full state funeral expected to be attended by a slew of foreign leaders as well as celebrity and sports figures.

A ceremony of remembrance is expected to be held on Tuesday in the Soweto football stadium that previously hosted the World Cup. It has a capacity of 95,000.

Mandela’s body will spend three days lying in state from Dec 11 to 13, either in Pretoria’s City Hall or the Union Buildings. The doors will open to the public where people are expected to flock in their thousands to see his body in a glass-topped coffin.

Then the focus will shift to Qunu.

The burial will be private for the family except for a handful of celebrities and dignitaries who were closest to him.

It is believed Mandela chose his own burial spot, overlooking fields where he played as a boy.

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