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WINE BOOST: Drinking red wine with dinner may improve the heart health of people with Type 2 diabetes, new research suggests.

Introducing moderate wine consumption to group of teetotal patients led to healthier blood fat profiles, including a greater amount of “good” cholesterol compared with “bad”, said scientists. 

Some individuals whose bodies broke down alcohol slowly also achieved better blood sugar control.

The same benefits were not seen with white wine, suggesting that it was the plant compound ingredients in red wine that were important. The findings are reported in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine.

VISION PROCESS: Hallucinations, often associated with psychotic disorders, may result from a natural process used by the brain to make sense of the world, say scientists.

Visions and sounds that do not exist can be generated by the brain’s habit of predicting what it expects to experience, filling in missing gaps in reality, the research shows. 

Naresh Subramaniam, from Cambridge University, said: “These symptoms and experiences do not reflect a ’broken’ brain but rather one that is striving – in a very natural way - to make sense of incoming data that are ambiguous.”

The research is published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

CANCER DISTINCTION: Bowel cancer can generally be classified as four distinct diseases, each of which has its own biological characteristics, research has shown.

The discovery may lead to doctors treating each type of disease differently, and assist the development of more targeted drugs.

Study co-leader Dr Anguraj Sadanandam, from the Institute of Cancer Research in London, said: “This could allow doctors to pick out those patients with more aggressive disease and treat them accordingly. 

"Ultimately, it could lead to development of new molecular diagnostic tests to diagnose patients by their particular type of bowel cancer, and give them the most effective treatments for that type.”

The research is published in the latest edition of the journal Nature Medicine.


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