As Matteo Renzi edges closer to becoming the next Italian prime minister, Dario Thuburn looks at his meteoric rise to national politics
AGED just 39, Italy’s brash centre-left leader Matteo Renzi could be in line to be the next prime minister with a wave of support from Italians who seem to like his brand of plain-speaking and web-savvy politics.
Elected leader of the Democratic Party in December, the photogenic former boy scout is liked because he has never been in government or parliament on a national political scene tainted by corruption scandals.
But his critics accuse him of being arrogant and supporters of prime minister Enrico Letta, who has announced his resignation under pressure from Renzi, are unlikely to forgive Renzi’s “betrayal” soon.
Still, a poll last month found 54% of Italians liked his policies and a party leadership meeting on Thursday voted overwhelmingly by 136 to 16 in favour of his motion for an urgent change of government.
With his catchphrases and hashtags and an informal style, he is particularly popular among younger voters.
Cagliari. Un po' di gente dentro. Ancora di più fuori. Cominciamo il domani con Francesco Pigliaru pic.twitter.com/9OSEgvAcqO— Matteo Renzi (@matteorenzi) February 8, 2014
He often cycles around Florence and can be seen wearing tight jeans, leather jackets and retro sunglasses.
For all his outward appeal, Renzi’s lack of government experience is seen as a crucial flaw by some and he has proved divisive even within his own party.
Renzi’s meeting with disgraced former prime minister Silvio Berlusconi last month was a case in point. Despite opposition from many leftists, Renzi went ahead with the talks and struck a deal with Berlusconi on political reforms that would lessen the power of smaller parties in Italy’s electoral system.
Renzi brushed off his critics and the president of the party Gianni Cuperlo resigned, accusing the party secretary of not being able to take criticism.
Renzi has been said he looks to former British prime minister Tony Blair as a model.
Renzi has pushed for more cuts in spending on Italy’s unwieldy bureaucracy amid widespread anger over high salaries for public officials and a greater focus on education.
With his mamma’s boy good looks, he is considered a politician with “transversal” appeal who can win over part of the centre-right electorate and has even been spoken highly of by Berlusconi. Another link with Berlusconi is that one of Renzi’s main spin doctors is Giorgio Gori, a former director of Berlusconi’s main TV stations.
LEAP INTO POLITICS
Born on January 11, 1975, in Florence, Renzi studied law and had his first brush with politics at the age of 19 as he followed in the footsteps of his father, a local Christian-Democrat party politician.
In 1994, Renzi created a committee to support Romano Prodi as he vied to lead Italian centre-left forces against Berlusconi.
He then worked for a few years at a marketing company that belongs to his family and makes most of its money thanks to a local Florentine paper, La Nazione.
Renzi’s leap into politics proper came in 2001 when he became a local organiser for La Margherita, a Christian centre-left party.
He was selected by the centre-left to run in elections to lead the province of Florence in June 2004 and won with 58.8% of the vote.
Renzi became an advocate of political renewal along the lines of “New Labour” in Britain and earned popularity by lowering local taxes, establishing an efficient recycling system and promoting culture and innovation.
It was only his mayoral victory in Florence, however, that attracted wider national attention.
He clinched a surprise win in a primary against another more favoured candidate and went on to win the mayor’s seat in 2009.
Before his first unsuccessful campaign for the party leadership in 2012, Renzi attended the Democratic National Convention in the US and spoke there of his deep admiration for president Barack Obama.
He won the nomination in a repeat primary in 2013 after an inconclusive general election in which his predecessor Pierluigi Bersani was widely criticised.
Renzi is married to a former fellow scout, Agnese, a schoolteacher, and the couple have three children.
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