North Korea’s Kim Jong Il made his youngest son a four-star general today in a major promotion seen as confirmation that he is to become the country’s next leader.
The announcement appeared in state media hours before a historic Workers’ Party meeting where Kim, 68 and apparently in deteriorating health, was expected to grant son Kim Jong Un and other family members top posts in plans to take the communist dynasty into a third generation.
The North Korean capital Pyongyang was in a festive mood, with banners and placards celebrating the meeting, the communist country’s biggest political gathering in 30 years.
It was state media’s first mention of Kim Jong Un, who has remained so well hidden from the outside world that not even his face or exact age can be confirmed. He is believed to be 27 or 28, and is said to have been schooled in Switzerland and educated at Kim Il Sung Military University in Pyongyang.
However, it is clear that “Kim Jong Un’s promotion is the starting point for his formal succession to power,” said Kim Yong-hyun, a North Korea expert at Seoul’s Dongguk University.
“It’s clearly the biggest news we’ve had from North Korea since the death of Kim Il Sung,” said Peter Beck, a Council on Foreign Relations-Hitachi research fellow at Keio University in Tokyo.
“I think it clearly demonstrates that Kim Jong Il is committed to maintaining control of the country within his family,” he said.
The appointment also appears aimed at putting the son at the helm of his father’s “songun,” or military-first, policy. He is expected to take up other top military jobs such as commander of the 1.2 million-member military.
The secrecy surrounding the succession process is typical of the communist country, and reminiscent of Kim Jong Il’s own rise to power.
Kim Jong Il was 31 when he won the number two post in the ruling Workers’ Party in 1973, an appointment seen as a key step in the path to succeeding his father, North Korea founder Kim Il Sung.
The following year, Kim was formally tapped as the future leader but state media did not reveal that to the outside world until the landmark 1980 convention, the last big political meeting in North Korea.
He took over as leader in 1994 when his father died of heart failure in what was communism’s first hereditary succession.
It is not known what kind of party position Kim Jong Un might be granted. Some predict he will win the same post his father took 37 years ago: party secretary authorised to supervise party members and appoint top party, government and military officials.
However, the younger Kim may not have the benefit of 20 years of training like his father.
Kim Jong Il, said to be suffering from diabetes and a kidney ailment, reportedly had a stroke in August 2008, sparking fears about instability and a possible power struggle in the nuclear-armed country if he were to die without anointing a successor.
Kim has two other sons but the youngest is said to be his favourite.
However, with Kim Jong Un still in his 20s and politically inexperienced, Kim Jong Il may tap his sister to oversee an eventually transfer of power, experts say.
Sister Kim Kyong Hui, 64, was among six people promoted to general along with Kim Jong Un, and her name was listed ahead of Kim Jong Un’s in the Korean Central News Agency report.
She and her husband, Jang Song Thaek, appointed vice chairman of the all-powerful National Defence Commission in June, also are expected to win key political appointments that would allow them to act as advisers to the young Kim during his rise to power.
In a brief announcement today, a North Korean news reader said “crucial developments” were taking place at the political convention under way in Pyongyang and that Kim Jong Il was re-elected to the party’s top position of general secretary to delegates’ cheers of “Hurrah.”
“His re-election is an expression of absolute support and trust of all the party members, the servicepersons and the people in Kim Jong Il,” KCNA said, calling it a “historic” event.
The convention, initially set for early September, appears to have been delayed by several weeks amid speculation that Kim’s health or damage from flooding and typhoons may have forced the postponement.