Research suggests polar bear numbers may drop by a third in 40 years

Research suggests polar bear numbers may drop by a third in 40 years

A third of the world's polar bears could disappear in the next 40 years because of melting Arctic sea ice, say scientists.

There is a 71% likelihood that polar bear numbers will be reduced by more than 30% in three generations, experts have calculated.

That means the current population of some 26,000 bears could be cut to around 17,300 over 35 to 41 years.

The findings are consistent with polar bears being listed as "vulnerable" on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list of threatened and endangered species.

Loss of sea ice due to climate change has a direct impact on the ability of polar bears to feed and survive.

The bears need platforms of ice to reach their prey of ringed and bearded seals. Some sea ice lies over more productive hunting areas than others.

Scientists have divided polar bears into 19 sub-populations, two of which have already experienced population declines due to shrinking sea ice.

Others have shown signs of "nutritional stress" or are currently said to be "stable" or "productive", according to the study authors.

The researchers combined polar bear generational length with sea ice projections based on satellite data and computer simulations.

They worked out the probability that reductions in the mean global population size of polar bears will be greater than 30%, 50% and 80% in the space of three generations.

While the likelihood of a more than 30% loss was high, there was little chance of populations crashing to near-extinction levels.

Writing in the Royal Society journal Biology Letters, the team, led by Dr Eric Regehr from the US Fish and Wildlife Service, concluded: "Our findings support the potential for large declines in polar bear numbers owing to sea ice loss."

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