Refugees flee Pakistan war zone

Refugees flee Pakistan war zone

Afghan refugees ordered out of a Pakistani war zone have begun flowing over the border into their homeland, worsening a humanitarian crisis resulting from an army offensive against Taliban militants, officials said.

Pakistan has told 50,000 Afghans to leave the Bajur tribal region, accusing them of links to militants that used the remote and impoverished area as a base for attacks on both sides of the frontier.

Bacha Khan, a police official at the Toorwandi border post in Bajur, said some refugees have crossed into Afghanistan and others moved to other parts of Pakistan.

US officials concerned about the escalating insurgency in Afghanistan have praised the military operation in a region that has been touted as a possible hiding place for al Qaida chief Osama bin Laden.

Pakistan’s army claims to have killed more than 1,000 insurgents in two months of fighting.

It has given no figure for civilian casualties, but acknowledges that many villages have been devastated by airstrikes, artillery fire and gunbattles.

Mr Khan had no figures for how many Afghans have left since officials distributed leaflets in Bajur last week telling them to go.

However, he said an estimated 20,000 refugees had returned home in recent weeks. Thousands more went to other parts of Pakistan, he said.

An Afghan community leader in Khar, Bajur’s main town, urged the government to provide transportation for the refugees. “We are poor people, and we don’t have enough money to pay for the buses,” Ghulam Jan said.

Authorities were threatening to deport those who resisted and to demolish their houses. Iqbal Khattak, a government official in Khar, said 45 Afghans had been detained yesterday and some Afghan-owned shops sealed.

Pakistani officials say the fighting in Bajur has displaced up to a half-million people – roughly half the region’s population. Most are in nearby areas of Pakistan with relatives or in camps.

The UN refugee agency said last week that 20,000 people had moved into the neighbouring Afghan province of Kunar. It described them as “Pakistani families” and forecast they would return after the fighting.

Kunar provincial Police Chief Abdul Jalal Jalal said yesterday that 30,000 people had arrived from Pakistan.

Of 4,140 families there, 70% were Pakistani and 30 percent Afghan, said Sardar Khan, an official dealing with refugees in Kunar. He said seven families arrived on Monday.

“They are very poor families,” Khan said, and residents are sheltering them in their homes.

Relief agencies and the government were scrambling to build one-room shelters in time for winter, he said.

Afghans flooded into Pakistan during more than 20 years conflict before US-led forces toppled the Taliban government in 2001.

According to UN figures, more than five million have since returned. Pakistan complains that refugee camps and Afghan communities remain hotbeds of militant activity and has been pressing for them to be cleared.

Militants have responded to the military operations in Bajur and other regions in the north-west with suicide attacks, including the deadly September 20 truck bombing at the Marriott Hotel in Islamabad.

President Asif Ali Zardari has described the hotel bombing as Pakistan’s 9/11 and sought to talk his fellow citizens out of the widespread belief that the country is fighting “America’s war” and paying an unacceptable price.

The government has called an emergency session of parliament today to discuss the security situation.


More in this Section

Probe launched after UK Civil Service tweet labels British Government ‘truth twisters’Probe launched after UK Civil Service tweet labels British Government ‘truth twisters’

Alligator rumoured to have been Hitler’s dies in MoscowAlligator rumoured to have been Hitler’s dies in Moscow

Tesla makeover for spacemen as Cape Canaveral prepares to launch astronautsTesla makeover for spacemen as Cape Canaveral prepares to launch astronauts

Boris Johnson stands by under-fire senior aide Dominic CummingsBoris Johnson stands by under-fire senior aide Dominic Cummings


Lifestyle

There is just one universally heard buzz word in the wine world these days and that is ‘sustainability’.Wine List: The top sustainable wines to buy right now

Esther N McCarthy finds funky fabric and Bantry baskets as well as exploring virtual galleries. Wish List: In pursuit of funky fabric and Bantry baskets

Pubs have been closed across this island for over two months. Can you imagine if they were closed for 14 years? To mark the centenary of the introduction of Prohibition in the US, Robert O'Shea selects examples of its cultural legacyWhat did Prohibition ever do for us?

Des O'Driscoll looks at some of the top picks on the TV today.TV highlights: A new 'make-under' dating show and Kevin McGahern paints celeb protraits

More From The Irish Examiner