Raul Castro has said Cuba and the United States are entering a new era as they prepare to restart diplomatic relations next week, but insisted more changes in American policy towards the communist-run island were necessary.
In his first public comments since the two governments announced that their diplomatic missions currently known as “interests sections” would enjoy full embassy status from July 20, President Castro’s remarks to Cuba’s parliament sounded both a welcoming and cautious tone.
“A new stage will begin, long and complex, on the road toward normalisation, which will require the will to find solutions to the problems that have accumulated over more than five decades and hurt ties between our nations and peoples,” Mr Castro said.
“As we have said, it is about founding a new kind of tie between both states, that is different from all our shared history.”
Mr Castro acknowledged President Barack Obama’s call for a debate on lifting the more than 50-year-old US trade embargo, something that would require an act of Congress.
But Cuba hopes he continues to use his executive powers “to dismantle aspects of this policy, which causes damage and hardship among our people”, Mr Castro said.
He said as far as Cuba was concerned, relations could not be normalised as long as the embargo was in place. He also demanded the return of the US military base at Guantanamo, compensation for economic damage from the embargo, an end to US broadcasts beamed at the island and a halt to “programmes that aim to promote subversion and destabilisation”.
Such grievances are not new, and it is not clear how much Washington would be willing to consider any or all of them.
US law says the embargo cannot be lifted unless Havana pays compensation for American properties nationalised following the 1959 Cuban Revolution, now worth an estimated $7bn or more. And the United States is seeking its own concessions from Cuba on issues such as human rights and democracy.
Cuban officials from Mr Castro down have said repeatedly that the island’s one-party political system will not change. And while they acknowledge Cuba needs to adjust things like economic policy, they make clear they will not tolerate intrusion into their affairs.
“Changing whatever needs to be changed is a sovereign matter, and exclusive to the Cubans,” Mr Castro said.
His comments came during one of the National Assembly’s twice-annual regular sessions in a Havana convention centre. Foreign journalists were not allowed access.
But the one-day full gathering of parliament came with a twist. Through newly-launched Twitter and Facebook profiles, the National Assembly provided regular updates throughout the day.
There was little drama in the live-tweeting, with snippets such as an announcement that parliament president Esteban Lazo had called the body to order with homages to 19th-century independence figure Mariana Grajales, known as the “mother of Cuba”.
Still, it was a highly unusual step into social media for a country that lags far behind much of the world in internet use.
Cubans are increasingly using the likes of Facebook and Twitter as authorities slowly expand connectivity options, but most islanders who are able to connect do so only sporadically and briefly, limited by cost, availability and scant bandwidth.
State-run website Cubadebate confirmed the authenticity of the Twitter account and Facebook page, both of which apparently went live on Saturday.
Cuba and the United States broke off diplomatic relations in 1961 during tense Cold War times.
The near-neighbors have danced a mutually hostile lockstep ever since, until Mr Castro and Mr Obama’s simultaneous statements on December 17 that they would negotiate restoration of ties. Earlier this month those talks culminated with the embassy announcement.
Yesterday Cubadebate posted a photo of workers at the Cuban Interests Section in Washington removing a plaque identifying it as such, ahead of its ceremonial inauguration as an embassy on Monday.
Also at parliament, officials reported that Cuba recorded an annualised economic growth of 4.7% in the first half of the year. That was up from a forecast of 4% offered last month. Annual growth is expected to come in around 4%.
“This is very good, taking into account that last year we only grew 1%,” Mr Castro said.