Polling stations have opened in eastern Australia in elections that are likely to deliver the nation’s sixth prime minister in as many years.
Opinion polls suggest the conservative Liberal Party-led coalition will lose its bid for a third three-year term and Scott Morrison will have had one of the shortest tenures as prime minister in the 118-year history of the Australian federation.
Mr Morrison is the conservatives’ third prime minister since they were first elected in 2013. He replaced Malcolm Turnbull in a leadership ballot of government colleagues in August.
The centre-left Labor Party opposition under its leader Bill Shorten has been campaigning hard on more ambitious targets to reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions.
Time for change. Let’s do this! pic.twitter.com/gD9gZwTBvA— Bill Shorten (@billshortenmp) May 17, 2019
Australia is the world’s largest exporter of coal and liquid natural gas. It is also one of the world’s worst carbon gas polluters per capita because of a heavy reliance on coal-fired electricity.
As the driest continent after Antarctica, it is also particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, such as wildfires and destructive storms.
The government has committed Australia to reduce its emissions by 26% to 28% below 2005 levels by 2030.
Labor has promised a 45% reduction in the same time frame.
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To my daughters Abbey and Lily, You are both such a blessing to your mum and me. Everything we do is about your future, and because of my job it's also about the future of thousands of families across Australia. As you know, this often means that I am away a lot. But it also means I get to meet other mums and dads who are trying their hardest to do what’s best for their children. To help them and all of the people who live in Australia I have been talking to them about how what Dad does can help them have a job, help them buy their home, support them as they try and save up for when they retire, like Mamma and Peppa and Nanna and Pa did, so they can have the best possible life, just like we want for you. When we do this, and everyone does better, that means we can pay for the hospitals and schools, and the roads and look after our environment, and do what we need to do to deal with climate change. While I’ve been away I met a boy not much older than you who has cystic fibrosis. It makes it very hard for him to breathe. Because of the work Dad has been doing to manage the Government’s money well, we have been able to make sure Luke gets the drugs he needs to help him breathe better and play with all the other kids. It also means we can make sure we help people with disability, like Uncle Garry who you know is amazing. These last few weeks, I’ve met thousands of people who just want to have a go and do the best they can like mum and I try to teach you girls to do. That’s why I have this job that takes me away from you sometimes. But I know when you grow up you will understand; life is about what you contribute, that's what mamma and Peppa taught me and Uncle Alan. Miss you, with all my love, Dad
Shorten, a 52-year-old former union leader, has also promised a range of reforms, including the government paying all the patients’ costs for cancer treatment and a reduction of tax breaks for landlords.
Mr Shorten predicts a Labor victory.
“I’m confident Labor will win tomorrow because we’ve got a positive plan for real change, to stop the chaos,” Mr Shorten told reporters in Sydney on Friday.
Mr Morrison, a 51-year-old former tourism marketer, said he had closed Labor’s lead in opinion polls during the five-week campaign and predicted a close result.
“It’s not the time to engage in Bill Shorten’s big, risky project of big taxes and big spending,” Mr Morrison told Nine Network television on Saturday from the island state of Tasmania, where he continued to campaign.
Mr Morrison promises lower taxes and better economic management than Labor.
Honoured to cast my vote this morning in such an important election for our community. At the polls today, cast your vote for a strong economy & a secure future. The Liberal Party is delivering for Warringah & I look forward to continuing that great work. #WarringahVotes #auspol pic.twitter.com/A6kCxg0d6Y— Tony Abbott (@HonTonyAbbott) May 17, 2019
An opinion poll published in The Australian newspaper on Saturday put Labor ahead of the conservatives 51.5% to 48.5%.
The Newspoll-brand poll was based on a nationwide survey of 3,038 voters from Monday to Friday. It has a 1.8 percentage-point margin of error.
Political analyst William Bowe said it was unclear how the greater support for Labor evident in polls would translate into seats.
He said the conservatives had been “trying to plot a narrow path to victory” by targeting their campaigning on vulnerable Labor seats in Sydney, Tasmania and the Northern Territory.
Neither the ruling coalition nor Labor holds a majority of seats in the House of Representatives, where parties need a majority to form a government.
The government lost two seats and its single-seat majority in the lower chamber in blood-letting over the dumping of Mr Turnbull in the face of poor opinion polling.
The government goes to the election holding 74 seats in the chamber that is expanding at this election from 150 seats to 151.
Labor has 69 seats, with independents and minor parties holding the remainder.
Both major parties are promising that whoever wins the election will remain prime minister until he next faces the voters’ judgment.
The parties have changed their rules to make the process of lawmakers replacing a prime minister more difficult.
During Labor’s last six years in office, the party replaced Prime Minister Kevin Rudd with his deputy Julia Gillard, then dumped her for Mr Rudd.
Mr Morrison will vote in his Sydney seat on Saturday, and Mr Shorten will vote in his Melbourne seat.
- Press Association