President Barack Obama offered a spirit of co-operation to America’s hemispheric neighbours at a summit, listening to complaints about past US meddling and even reaching out to Venezuela’s left-wing leader.
But while he worked to ease friction between the US and their countries, Mr Obama warned leaders at Trinidad’s Summit of the Americas to resist a temptation to blame all their problems on their behemoth neighbour to the north.
“I have a lot to learn and I very much look forward to listening and figuring out how we can work together more effectively,” Mr Obama said.
Mr Obama said he was ready to accept Cuban president Raul Castro’s proposal of talks on issues once off-limits for Cuba, including political prisoners held by the communist government.
While praising America’s initial effort to thaw relations with Havana, the leaders pushed the US to go further and lift the 47-year-old US trade embargo against Cuba.
To Latin American nations reeling from a sudden plunge in exports, Mr Obama promised a new hemispheric growth fund, an initiative to increase Caribbean security and a partnership to develop alternative energy sources and fight global warming.
As the first full day of meetings began on the two-island nation of Trinidad and Tobago, Mr Obama exchanged handshakes and pats on the back with Venezuela’s Hugo Chavez, who once likened Mr Obama’s predecessor, George Bush, to the devil.
In front of photographers, Mr Chavez gave Mr Obama a copy of 'The Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries Of The Pillage of a Continent', a book by Eduardo Galeano that chronicles US and European economic and political interference in the region.
When a reporter asked Mr Obama what he thought of the book, the president replied: “I thought it was one of Chavez’s books. I was going to give him one of mine.” White House advisers said they did not know if Mr Obama would read it or not.
White House spokesman Robert Gibbs made a joke about it, noting the president did not speak or read Spanish. “I think it’s in Spanish, so that might be a tad on the difficult side,” he said.
Later, during a group photo, Mr Obama reached behind several leaders at the summit to shake Mr Chavez’s hand for the third time. Mr Obama summoned a translator and the two smiled and spoke briefly.
Those two exchanges followed a brief grip-and-grin for cameras on Friday night when Mr Obama greeted Mr Chavez in Spanish.
“I think it was a good moment,” Mr Chavez said about their initial encounter. “I think President Obama is an intelligent man, compared to the previous US president.”
At a luncheon speech to fellow leaders, Mr Chavez said the spirit of respect was encouraging and he proposed that Havana host the next summit.
The White House said Mr Chavez was civil in his criticism of the US during the summit meeting, but that there was no discussion of reinstating ambassadors who were kicked out of each other’s countries last year.
However, as the summit neared its close, Mr Chavez said he soon expected to send an ambassador back to Washington.
Bolivia’s President Evo Morales, a close ally of Mr Chavez, said Mr Obama’s pledge of a new era of mutual respect towards Latin America rang hollow.
“Obama said three things: There are neither senior or junior partners. He said relations should be of mutual respect, and he spoke of change,” Mr Morales said.
“In Bolivia ... one doesn’t feel any change. The policy of conspiracy continues.”
Morales expelled US ambassador Philip Goldberg in September and kicked out the Drug Enforcement Administration the next month for allegedly conspiring with the political opposition to incite violence.
Mr Chavez expelled the US ambassador in Venezuela in solidarity and the Bush administration then suspended trade preferences to Bolivia that Bolivian business leaders say could cost 20,000 jobs.
Mr Obama also extended a hand to Nicaragua’s Daniel Ortega, whom President Ronald Reagan spent years trying to drive from power. Mr Ortega was ousted in 1990 elections that ended Nicaragua’s civil war, but was returned to power by voters in 2006.
Mr Ortega stepped up and introduced himself to Mr Obama, but later delivered a blistering 50-minute speech that denounced capitalism and US imperialism as the root of much hemispheric mischief.
The address even recalled the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba, though Mr Ortega said the new US president could not be held to account for that.
“I’m grateful that President Ortega did not blame me for things that happened when I was three months old,” Mr Obama said, to laughter and applause from the other leaders.