A "arrogant" consultant surgeon who "betrayed the trust" of his patients by burning his initials on to the livers of two unconscious transplant patients has been fined £10,000 by a British court.
Simon Bramhall (aged 53) used an argon beam machine to "write" his initials on the organs of two anaesthetised victims in February and August 2013 while working at Birmingham's Queen Elizabeth Hospital.
A judge at the city's Crown Court said Bramhall, who resigned from the hospital in 2014, had carried out an "an abuse of power and a betrayal of trust".
The consultant, who was given a formal warning by the General Medical Council (GMC) last February, admitted two counts of assault by beating last month after prosecutors accepted his not guilty pleas to charges of assault occasioning actual bodily harm.
Judge Paul Farrer QC also sentenced Bramhall today to a 12-month community order with 120 hours of unpaid work.
He said: "Both of the (transplant) operations were long and difficult. I accept that on both occasions you were tired and stressed and I accept that this may have affected your judgment. This was conduct born of professional arrogance of such magnitude that it strayed into criminal behaviour.
"What you did was an abuse of power and a betrayal of trust that these patients had invested in you.
"I accept that you didn't intend or foresee anything but the most trivial of harm would be caused."
Opening the facts of the case against Bramhall, prosecutor Tony Badenoch QC said one of the two victims initialled by the world-renowned surgeon had been left feeling "violated" and suffering ongoing psychological harm.
Acknowledging that Bramhall's actions had not caused either patients' new liver to fail, Mr Badenoch said: "This case is about his practice on two occasions, without the consent of the patient and for no clinical reason whatever, to burn his initials on to the surface of a newly-transplanted liver."
One of the victims, referred to in court as Patient A, received a donor organ in 2013 in a life-saving operation carried out by Bramhall.
But the donor liver failed around a week later - for reasons unconnected to its implantation - and another surgeon spotted Bramhall's initials on the organ.
A photograph of the 4cm-high branding was taken on a mobile phone and Bramhall, who now works for the NHS in Herefordshire, later admitted using the argon beam coagulator to mark Patient A's liver.
Mr Badenoch said of the initial transplant operation: "Mr Bramhall had to work exceptionally hard and use all of his skill to complete the operation.
"At the end of the operation he performed a liver biopsy using the argon beam coagulator, and then used it to burn his initials."
A nurse who saw the initialling queried what had happened and Bramhall was said to have replied: "I do this."
The court heard that Bramhall later told police he had "flicked his wrist" and made the mark within a few seconds.
"He knew that the action could cause no harm to the patient. He also said that in hindsight this was naive and foolhardy - a misjudged attempt to relieve the tension in theatre," Mr Badenoch said