New Zealand banned coastal net fishing and announced new marine mammal sanctuaries today in a bid to prevent the extinction of two dolphin species.
The tough new measures ban net fishing and trawling in areas ranging out to almost eight miles from the coast in the dolphins’ living areas around both main islands.
They are expected to cost the country’s coastal fishing industry £30m (€38m) over the next five years.
The number of indigenous Hector’s dolphins has declined from an estimated 29,000 in the 1970s to just 7,000, while there are only 111 remaining Maui’s dolphins.
Officials said the tiny Maui’s dolphin could be extinct within a few years – a warning that prompted the government action.
“Clearly we’ve got iconic species here ... they only exist in New Zealand,” said Fisheries Minister Jim Anderton. “And under business as usual inevitably (we will) watch the Maui’s dolphin ... (become) an extinct population.”
“We’re going to give it a go, particularly for Maui’s dolphins, to see if on our watch we can save them. We may not be able to,” he said.
The coastal fishing ban will protect most of the dolphins’ habitats, Mr Anderton said.
“This is not an easy decision to make when you know you’re going to put fishermen ... out of business,” he said.
Seafood Industry Council chief executive Owen Simmonds said it was unhappy with the decision because the government was putting small fishermen out of business without any compensation “and for no real gain” to the dolphin.
“It will not save one extra Maui’s dolphin,” he said, asserting that previous catch controls already ensured that dolphins were not captured or harmed by fishermen.