Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump ended their presidential campaigns with visits to battleground states in a final bid to energise supporters.
Mr Trump finished his last rally of the gruelling campaign in Grand Rapids, Michigan, just four minutes before Mrs Clinton wrapped up her final event in Raleigh, North Carolina.
The candidates had campaigned late into the night in a frenzied end to a bitter election year that has laid bare the nation's deep economic and cultural divides.
Mrs Clinton opened the day buoyed by FBI Director James Comey's announcement on Sunday that he would not recommend criminal charges against her following a new email review.
The inquiry had sapped a surging Clinton momentum at a crucial moment in the race, though she still heads into election day with multiple paths to the 270 Electoral College votes needed to become the nation's first female president.