The estimated number of chronically hungry people in the world has dipped considerably below the one billion mark thanks to good harvests and a drop in food prices, according to figures released by the United Nations today.
But the estimated total of 925 million undernourished people, most of them in Asia and Africa, is “unacceptably high” and well above UN goals to dramatically reduce the number of hungry mouths on the planet, the Rome-based UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) said.
Just a year ago, UN food agencies estimated that 1.02 billion people on the planet were undernourished. The lower estimate for this year, especially in light of population growth, largely reflects progress China and India have made in feeding their people.
More than 40% of the world’s undernourished live in China or India. Overall, two-thirds of the chronically undernourished live in those two countries or in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo or Ethiopia, the report said.
But the fact that hundreds of millions of people are still undernourished despite lofty goals promoted at UN-sponsored gatherings and other international appointments “indicates a deeper structural problem that gravely threatens the ability to achieve internationally agreed goals on hunger reduction”, the report concluded.
UN officials are trying to galvanise nations into making greater progress towards a Millennium Development Goal of halving the proportion of undernourished people in developing countries from 20% in 1990-92 to 10% in 2015.
Income growth in developing countries is helping chip away at the numbers of undernourished people, the FAO report said, and nature has helped too.
“International and domestic cereal prices have declined from their 2008 peaks, reflecting two consecutive years of record yields,” the report said. “While production in 2010 is forecast to be lower, the overall supply situation is considered as adequate.”
Earlier this month, a UN human rights expert urged governments to crack down on price speculation and boost food production.
Deadly riots over food prices hit Mozambique recently, but observers say the current food prices globally aren’t at the extreme levels that would trigger the kind of violence that rocked several poor countries in 2007-2008.
The FAO has called a special meeting for September 24 to discuss the situation of rising food prices.