French president Francois Hollande and other dignitaries are holding a special ceremony to honour all those killed in Islamic extremist attacks around Paris in 2015 – a year when the European way of life was targeted time and again with deadly consequences.
Mr Hollande and Paris mayor Anne Hidalgo unveiled a plaque in memory of victims targeted at newspaper Charlie Hebdo, a kosher market, a rock concert, cafes, a stadium and elsewhere.
The ceremony took place at Place de la Republique, the square that has become a symbol of Parisians’ solidarity since the attacks, which began on January 7 2015.
French rocker and national star Johnny Hallyday is joining the army choir in a special, sombre musical performance.
The attacks left some 150 victims dead, and several attackers were also killed.