Italy has said farewell to the first group of an estimated 160,000 refugees set to be resettled throughout Europe as part of a new EU programme to move asylum-seekers out of hard-hit frontline countries.
Bundled up in flannel shirts and jackets to prepare for their new lives in Sweden, the 19 Eritreans smiled and waved as they climbed up the stairs to an Italian police plane that flew from Rome to Lulea, just south of the Arctic Circle.
Swedish officials will register the refugees and begin processing their asylum requests.
Sweden’s immigration agency said the 14 men and five women, aged 25 to 40, were selected because they have a chance of being granted asylum and have family or other connections to Sweden.
A significant number of people making dangerous journeys across the Mediterranean Sea are from Eritrea, an authoritarian country in north-east Africa.
Italian interior minister Angelino Alfano said over 100 more refugees from Italian centres would be resettled in Germany, the Netherlands and elsewhere in the coming weeks and that 40,000 overall would be moved out of Italy over the next two years.
“Today is an important day for Europe and the European Union,” Mr Alfano said at an airport press conference. “Today is a day of victory, a victory for fundamental human principles, for those who believe in Europe and for those who believe that saving human lives isn’t a value that contrasts with the values of welcome or security.”
Italy for years has demanded that other European nations shoulder more of the burden of the refugee crisis. Though most migrants prefer to pass through Italy en route to destinations further north, Mr Alfano was keen to show off the first flight to silence anti-immigrant critics at home.
EU migration commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos and Luxembourg’s foreign minister joined Mr Alfano at the airport. Later in the day, they travelled to the tiny southern Italian island of Lampedusa, where the first “hotspot” screening centre to identify would-be asylum-seekers opened a few weeks ago.
The hotspots are being set up in Italy and Greece, where most of the tens of thousands of people seeking new lives in Europe first land after often-dangerous boat trips from Libya and Turkey. Hotspots aim to establish whether people are fleeing conflict or violence and have the right to some form of protection.
Once selected for resettlement, the asylum-seekers will go where they are told, not necessarily where they want, Mr Avramopoulos said.
“We must be very clear. They must obey,” he said.
Lulea, the main city in Swedish Lapland, could not be more different from the Eritreans’ desert-covered homeland. Temperatures on Friday were 3C but will dip to below freezing at night. Outside the city, reindeer, moose and bears roam in the wilderness.
Speaking in Stockholm, Swedish prime minister Stefan Lofven said the influx of migrants “was the greatest humanitarian effort in Swedish history”.
Sweden is estimated to have at least 20,000 Eritreans, according to Swedish media.