The Church of Sweden has urged its clergy to use gender-neutral language when referring to the supreme deity, refraining from using terms like "Lord" and "He" in favour of the less specific "God".
The move is one of several taken by the national Evangelical Lutheran church in updating a 31-year-old handbook setting out how services should be conducted in terms of language, liturgy, hymns and other aspects.
The decision was taken at the end of an eight-day meeting of the church's 251-member decision-making body, and takes effect from May 20 on the Christian holiday of Pentecost.
A former state church, headquartered in Uppsala, some 37 miles north of the capital, the church has 6.1 million baptised members in a country of 10 million.
It is headed by a woman, Archbishop Antje Jackelen.
Ms Jackelen told Sweden's TT news agency a more inclusive language had already been discussed at the 1986 conference.
"Theologically, for instance, we know that God is beyond our gender determinations, God is not human," Ms Jackelen was quoted as saying by TT.
The change was met with criticism, however.
Christer Pahlmblad, an associate theology professor with Sweden's Lund University, told Denmark's Kristeligt Dagblad that the move was "undermining the doctrine of the Trinity and the community with the other Christian churches".
"It really isn't smart if the Church of Sweden becomes known as a church that does not respect the common theology heritage," he said.