MPs left an empty chair for Mark Zuckerberg as the Facebook founder failed once again to attend a session to answer questions in Westminster from politicians
The range of criticisms put to the company by an “international grand committee” of politicians included recent data breaches, allegations of business malpractice, repeated electoral interference and the rampant spread of disinformation and hate speech on the platform.
In Mr Zuckerberg’s absence, Richard Allan, the social network’s vice president of policy solutions, faced stern questioning from representatives of nine countries including the UK, Ireland, Canada and France.
However, chief among the grievances was the Facebook founder’s refusal to give evidence himself, despite repeated invitations.
24 official representatives.
447 million people represented.
One question: where is Mark Zuckerberg? pic.twitter.com/BK3KrKvQf3— Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee (@CommonsDCMS) November 27, 2018
“In this room we represent over 400 million people and to not have your CEO sit in that chair there is an offence to all of us in this room and, really, our citizens as well,” said Bob Zimmer, chairman of Canada’s committee on access to information, privacy and ethics, pointing to an empty seat and nameplate left for Mr Zuckerberg.
“While we were playing on our phones and apps, our democratic institutions – our form of civil conversation – seem to have been upended by fratboy billionaires from California,” Mr Zimmer’s vice-chairman, Charlie Angus, said.
Richard Allan, who is also a Liberal Democrat peer and former MP who once held the same Sheffield Hallam seat as the company’s incoming communications chief Nick Clegg, at one point drew gasps in an exchange over hate speech on the platform.
Singapore’s Edwin Tong highlighted a Facebook post published in Sri Lanka during a time of political unrest in the country, which proclaimed “Kill all Muslims, don’t even let an infant of the dogs escape”.
Mr Tong pointed out that a Facebook moderator said it did not violate the network’s standards, a decision Mr Allan initially downplayed as “a mistake” before accepting the gravity of the error.
Mosques were attacked, Muslims were killed and a state of emergency was declared in Sri Lanka in March 2018, Mr Tong added.
He asked: “Would you accept that this case illustrates that Facebook cannot be trusted to make the right assessment of what can appear on its platform?”
Mr Allan agreed that the social media giant should be held accountable.
The assorted politicians also used the day to sign a joint declaration on the ‘principles of the law governing the internet’, stressing the effects of “deliberate spreading of disinformation and division” as a “credible threat to the continuation and growth of democracy”.
The document also emphasised the “great power” and responsibilities of global technology companies, like Google and Facebook, calling for regulation and accountability to make sure they are “fully answerable to national legislatures”.
Today members of Parliament from Canada, France, Latvia, Belgium, Singapore, Brazil, Argentina, Ireland and the United Kingdom signed a declaration on the ‘Principles of the Law Governing the Law Governing the Internet’ pic.twitter.com/jQ4q9u9KAV— Damian Collins (@DamianCollins) November 27, 2018
Quoting from internal Facebook emails seized from US software company Six4Three, committee chair Damian Collins said an engineer had warned “entities with Russian IP addresses” accessed “three billion data points a day”.
Mr Allan could not say whether the company knew about the alleged data access or whether relevant authorities were notified, but claimed the email cache was “at best partial, at worst potentially misleading”.
Six4Three obtained the internal Facebook emails through legal mechanisms in the US, where the company is involved in court action against the social media giant.
A Facebook spokeswoman said “the engineers who had flagged these initial concerns subsequently looked into this further and found no evidence of specific Russian activity” but offered no further clarification.
Parliament seized the emails on Sunday and Mr Collins promised to release a redacted version of the correspondence “very soon”.
Attending press conference in @HouseofCommons after our International Grand Committee signed our Principles for the Regulation of Social Media. Strong interest in our discussions today and the need to regulate. @FineGael pic.twitter.com/zMw8g1M6on— Hildegarde Naughton (@1Hildegarde) November 27, 2018
Alluding to the Six4Three emails, Labour MP Clive Efford said the committee had “seen evidence” regarding the closure of third-party apps on the network which “could not pay large sums of money for mobile advertising” and closing apps “so that Facebook can move into that area and make money”.
Mr Allan said he was “not aware” of such practices, to which MPs agreed that Mr Zuckerberg might be able to answer their questions with more confidence.
Hildegarde Naughton, chairwoman of the Irish joint committee on communications, climate action and environment, said: “In light of the fake news and data breaches that your company has been involved in over the last two years, do you accept that Facebook needs to be regulated?”
“So … yes,” Mr Allan replied.
- Press Association