Brainy Velociraptor ‘hunted in packs’

Velociraptors really did behave like wolves and hunt down their prey in packs, as depicted in the movie Jurassic Park, a top dinosaur expert has said.

In common with other bird-like “raptor” dinosaurs they were highly intelligent, according to Dr Stephen Brusatte from the University of Edinburgh.

Living around 73 million years ago, Velociraptor was small but vicious, measuring about seven feet long and weighing up to 15kg (33 pounds).

On each foot it carried a deadly weapon, a razor-sharp sickle-like claw that may have been used to rip apart prey.

Unlike the movie version, the real Velociraptor was at least partly covered in feathers.

US-born Dr Brusatte, who gave a talk on dinosaurs at the British Science Festival at the University of Hull, said: “Many dinosaurs were much smarter than we used to give them credit for.

“I grew up with this idea of dim-witted, drab-coloured dinosaurs as emblems of failure. But CT (computed tomography) scanning of dinosaur skulls, which has revolutionised the field over the last couple of decades, shows that many species, particularly meat-eaters like Tyrannosaurus rex and Velociraptor had bigger brains and keener senses than we thought.

“Some of these meat-eaters, like the raptors, were probably in the mammal zone of intelligence.

“T. rex was also quite smart, and it had really keen senses of hearing and sight, so it was very different than shown in the movies.”

The evidence that Velociraptors hunted like wolves comes from bone beds – dense collections of fossils in one place – and preserved foot prints, he said.

“There is fossil evidence that some predators did hunt in packs,” said Dr Brusatte. “The Velociraptor-type dinosaurs probably did, and even big tyrannosaurs probably did too.”

Euan Morrison, six, has a close encounter with animatronic velociraptor Velma at Edinburgh Zoo (Danny Lawson/PA)

How many Velociraptors banded together in a dinosaur pack was unknown, however.

There was also strong evidence some dinosaurs cared for their young – a trait generally only seen in intelligent animals, said Dr Brusatte.

He added: “There are some nesting sites with many nests together, with bones of adults and juveniles, showing there was parental care.

“Duck-billed plant-eaters and many meat-eaters probably cared for their young, but the enormous long-necked sauropods probably did not – they simply couldn’t at that body size.

“Dinosaurs were very active, energetic, fast-growing, and fast-moving. They were much more like birds than reptiles.

“Many, if not all, dinosaurs were also covered in feathers, which we now know from actual fossils. It’s amazing.”

- Press Association


More in this Section

Neo-Nazi couple who named baby after Hitler convicted of terror group membership

UN refugee agency warns against returning Rohingya refugees

Netanyahu rushes home after burst of Israel-Gaza violence

Pence arrives in Japan to discuss trade and North Korea


Breaking Stories

I’m A Celebrity: As contestants land in Oz – these are the 10 emotional stages of a long haul flight

Victoria Beckham, Kim Kardashian and Rita Ora: All the best looks from the E! People’s Choice Awards

Alcohol Awareness Week: How to talk to your children about alcohol

Fed up with urban smog? 5 pollution-resistant plants to help you breathe

More From The Irish Examiner